Mammogram: Mammogram is a special X-ray of the breast used to detect breast cancer early. There are few risks associated with mammography. Mammograms may show suspicious areas of the breast, white spots, and microcalcifications. Risk factors for breast cancer include age, genetic predisposition, family history, medical history, fibrocystic breast disease, therapeutic radiation exposure, menstrual cycle, previous pregnancies, hormone therapy for menopause, oral contraceptive use, breastfeeding, alcohol, smoking, obesity, and lack of physical activity.
Breast Self-Exam Monthly breast self-examinations (BSE) have not been shown to reduce the risk of dying from breast cancer. However, a monthly breast self-exam is important for a woman to become familiar with her breasts and any changes that may occur over time that may signal a breast disease or condition. Symptoms and signs to look for when performing a breast self-exam are nipple discharge; red, swollen, scaly, or itchy nipples or breast tissue; sudden breast pain that does not go away; changes in breast size or shape; dimpling of the breast or nipple; or a lump or lumps in the breast. Notify your health-care professional if you detect any unusual changes in your breasts.
Expert Views and News
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- The Case for Early Screening Mammography
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- Adding 3-D Mammograms May Improve Accuracy
- Fewer Women in 40s Getting Mammograms
- Child Cancer Radiation Raises Breast Cancer Risk
- Studies Point to Reasons for Mammograms in 40s
- Do False-Positive Mammograms Predict Cancer Risk?
- New Mammogram Benefits for Women in Their 40s
- CDC: Cancer Screening Below Target Rates
- Does Fertility Treatment Raise Breast Cancer Risk?
- Breast Cancer Death Rates Decline
- PSA Test May Help Check for Breast Cancer
- Mammogram Guidelines
- Breast Cancer Rates No Longer Declining
- False-Positive Mammograms Linked to Breast Cancer
- Women Who Skip Annual Mammograms