What Is Cholesterol?
What Does a Cholesterol Score Measure?
The American Heart Association recommends adults 20 years and older have their cholesterol levels checked every four to six years.
Cholesterol scores usually contain three measurements:
- Low density lipoproteins (LDL)
- High density lipoproteins (HDL)
- “Good” cholesterol
- HDL removes LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream and the artery walls
- A higher HDL score is desirable
- The most common form of fat in the body
- Can be an energy source
- A high triglyceride level can mean a higher risk of developing coronary artery disease
What Are Normal Cholesterol Levels?
People who do not have heart disease should aim for the following cholesterol levels:
|Cholesterol Test Results||Clinical Meaning|
|Total cholesterol below 200 mg/dL||Levels above 200 mg/dL are considered high and mean a higher risk for developing heart disease|
|LDL cholesterol below 130 mg/dL||LDL should be lower than this for those at risk of heart attacks or stroke|
|HDL cholesterol above 60 mg/dL|
|Triglycerides below 150 mg/dL||Levels higher than 150 mg/dL increase the risk of developing heart disease and metabolic syndrome, which is also a risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke|
|Non-HDL cholesterol below 160 mg/dL|
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