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Men's Health (cont.)

10 Top Medical Problems in Men

The top ten basic problems and diseases that cause death and disability in men are as follows:

  1. Heart disease
  2. Cancers
  3. Injuries and accidents (trauma)
  4. Strokes
  5. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  6. Diabetes
  7. Influenza (flu) and pneumonia
  8. Suicide
  9. Kidney disease
  10. Alzheimer's disease

Men's Health Screening Tests

Health screening tests are important to help a man determine if health problems are developing, to attack problems or diseases before they become more serious, to keep vaccinations up to date and to establish an ongoing relationship with a physician so if a man becomes ill, he will have someone he knows to go to.

Health Screening Tests for Men Ages 18-39

Screening tests suggested by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for men ages 18-39:

  • Blood pressure check every 2 years or every year if it 120-139/80-89; if its higher, see a physician

Blood Pressure Screening

  • Have your blood pressure checked every 2 years unless it is 120-139/80-89 Hg or higher, in which case you need to have it checked every year.
  • Watch for blood pressure screenings in your area. Ask your health care practitioner if you can stop in to have your blood pressure checked. Check your blood pressure using the automated machines at local grocery stores and pharmacies.
  • If the top number (systolic number) is greater than 130 or the bottom number (diastolic number) is greater than 85, call your doctor.
  • If you have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or certain other conditions, you may need to be monitored more closely.

Cholesterol Screening and Heart Disease Prevention

  • Men over age 34 should be checked every 5 years.
  • If you have risk factors for heart disease, such as diabetes, start getting screened earlier, at age 20.

Men that have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or certain other conditions may need to be monitored more closely.

Dental Exam

  • Go to the dentist every year for an exam and cleaning.

Eye Exam

  • If you have vision problems, have an eye exam every 2 years.


  • After age 19, men should have a tetanus-diphtheria and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine once as part of a man's tetanus-diphtheria vaccines. Men should have a tetanus-diphtheria booster every 10 years.
  • Get a flu shot each year.
  • Your doctor may recommend other immunizations if you have certain medical conditions, such as diabetes.

Infectious Disease Screening

  • Depending on a man's lifestyle and medical history, they may need to be screened for infections such as syphilis, chlamydia, and HIV, as well as other infections.

Preventive Health Visits

Preventive health visits should be every 2 years, and may include:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/11/2017

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