Menstrual Pain Topic Guide
Menstrual cramps are either classified as primary or secondary dysmenorrhea. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual cramps caused by another medical condition or disease, for example:
Endometriosis Endometriosis is a common disorder of the female reproductive organs and is the leading cause of chronic pelvic pain in women. Examples of causes of endometriosis include genetics, retrograde menstruation, coelomic metaplasia, surgical procedures, and abnormalities in the immune system. Treatments for endometriosis range from medications to surgery. In women who have endometriosis, tissue like the lining ...
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