Menstrual cramps are either classified as primary or secondary dysmenorrhea. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual cramps caused by another medical condition or disease, for example:
Hormonal types and of options for birth control, and include patches, rings, implants, injections, and the birth control pill. Common side effects of hormonal methods of birth control are headaches, anxiety, acne, weight gain, mood changes, decrease in sex drive, heart attack, and stroke. No birth control methods is 100% effective, nor does it protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Expert Views and News
Menstrual Cramps Topic Guide - Visuals
Menstrual Cramps Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Celecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Celecoxib works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »
There are many brands and forms of acetaminophen available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet...learn more »
Fenoprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Fenoprofen works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »