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Symptoms and Signs of Metabolic Syndrome

Doctor's Notes on Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (also called syndrome X or dysmetabolic syndrome) is not an illness in itself but it refers to group of risk factors that can predispose a person to heart (cardiovascular) disease. The main characteristics of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, high blood pressure (hypertension), abnormal cholesterol levels, and an increased risk for blood clotting.

Symptoms of metabolic syndrome depend on the characteristics of the syndrome that are present. Most people with metabolic syndrome are overweight or obese. If a person has insulin resistance symptoms may include difficulty losing weight and a feeling of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). If a person has high blood pressure they may have no symptoms. If symptoms are present they may include blurred vision and headaches. When it is severe, metabolic syndrome have symptoms related to heart disease or stroke.

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.