Symptoms and Signs of Migraine Headaches, Vision Effects

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Migraine Headaches, Vision Effects

Migraine headaches differ from regular tension headaches in that they cause incapacitating neurological symptoms. Migraine pain often occurs on just one side of the head but it may occur on both sides. Migraine attacks are often accompanied by visual disturbances.

Migraine symptoms that affect vision often occur with a migraine aura and include blurred or absent areas in the visual field, tunnel vision, complete blindness, sensitivity to light (photophobia), an absent arc or band of vision with a shimmering or glittering zigzag border; a sensation of lights, sparks, or colors; visual hallucinations, and uniform flashes of light. Head pain from migraine headaches often occurs on one side of the head, but it may be present on both sides. Head pain usually has a slow onset, and is typically described as throbbing or pulsing, but may be a continuous ache. Other symptoms of migraine headaches include sensitivity to sound and/or smells, fatigue, mood changes, frequent urination, sore and stiff neck muscles, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, paleness, and lightheadedness.

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.