Motor skills disorder (motor coordination disorder or motor dyspraxia) is a common childhood disorder of childhood that results in difficulty in processing visuospatial information needed to guide motor activity. Cause is unknown; it is often associated with physiological or developmental abnormalities such as prematurity, developmental disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and learning disorders. Symptoms vary and depend on the age of the child. Treatment includes screening for conditions such as speech and language disorders, Tourette's syndrome, ADHD, and autism spectrum disorders.
Cognitive deficits (intellectual disability) begin in childhood and cause impaired ability to learn and function. Impairment level is categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Causes include genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome, premature birth, exposure to toxins, and others. Symptoms include developmental delay, behavioral issues, or difficulties in school. There is no specific treatment, but some may benefit from dietary changes, medications, and therapies.