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Munchausen Syndrome (cont.)

Munchausen Syndrome Causes

The causes of Munchausen syndrome are unknown. Some experts suggest that it is a defense mechanism against sexual and aggressive impulses. Others believe it may be a form of self-punishment. Determining an exact cause is difficult because people with Munchausen syndrome are not open and honest about their condition, making research on them nearly impossible. Risk factors for Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy include a background in day care or health care in the involved parent, marital problems between parents, or personality disorders like borderline personality disorder.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/17/2017

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Munchausen Syndrome »

The medical case literature provides compelling documentation of patients who have intentionally exaggerated, feigned, simulated, aggravated, or self-induced an illness or injury for the primary purpose of assuming the sick role.

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