Symptoms and Signs of How to Stop Muscle Cramps

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Medically Reviewed on 4/8/2019

Doctor's Notes on How to Stop Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps are involuntarily and sustained contraction of a muscle without relaxation. A muscle cramp can occur in any muscle. They commonly occur in the muscles of the legs and feet. They may last from a few seconds to several minutes or even longer. Many different conditions can result in a muscle cramp. Some of the most common causes are dehydration, injury, and vigorous exercise or activity.

Signs and symptoms associated with muscle cramps depend on the location of the cramp. Symptoms include pain at the site of the cramp that may be severe. Other associated symptoms can include firmness, tenderness, bulging of the muscle, swelling, soreness, and gait disturbances (if the cramp occurs in the leg or foot).

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.