Myelin is a fatty material that creates a sheath that coats, insulates, and protects nerves of the brain and spinal cord. When the sheath is destroyed, communication between the nerve impulses and the body part are misdirected, slowed down, or incomplete. Symptoms of MS include:
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Examples of medications for treating MS include
- corticosteroids, for example, methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol);
- immuno-dilating drugs (interferons and glatiramer acetate (Capaxone);
- immunosuppressants, for example, Mitoxantrone (Novantrone), cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), azathioprine (Imuran), or methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall);
- optional therapies, for example, fingolimod (Gilenya); and
- investigational drugs.