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DermatomesA dermatome is an areas of skin that receives sensations from a sensory nerve that exits the spinal cord. Sensory nerves provide the feeling of hot, cold, pain, etc. Doctors and other healthcare professionals use dermatomes to help diagnose diseases and causes of conditions like, shingles, sciatica, back pain, and other nerve pain syndromes. There are 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, and 1 coccygeal nerve dermatomes. Doctors use dermatomes to help diagnose diseases and conditions.
IschemiaIschemia is a medical condition in which blood flow is stopped or reduced because the blood vessels become blocked, which causes the part of the body to not get adequate oxygen. Ischemia can affect any part of the body like the heart, brain, legs, and intestines. Ischemia of the brain and heart usually cause no symptoms or signs so is referred to as “silent ischemia,” much like a mini stroke. Signs and symptoms of ischemia depends on which part of the body is affected, for example, myocardial infarction or heart symptoms are shoulder, back, neck, jaw, or arm pain, fast heartbeat, and chest pain. Brain ischemia symptoms and signs include sudden headache, blindness, vomiting, fainting, and weakness in in arm, leg, or one side of the face. Leg ischemia symptom and signs may include sores on the feet, severe pain in the legs while resting, and thickened toenails. Treatment for ischemia depends on the type. Ischemia is a serious condition and can be fatal.
Wilderness: Neck and Back InjuriesNeck and back injuries to the spinal cord are serious and could potentially cause permanent disability. Immediate care for a back injury include splinting and immobilization. Seek immediate medical treatment.
Neck StrainThe portion of the spine contained within the neck is referred to as the cervical spine. That's the site for injuries known as neck strain. Symptoms include pain and possible numbness, dizziness, stiffness, and tingling. Treatment may involve taking NSAIDs, getting bed rest, and applying heat to the area.
Slipped DiskAn abnormal, injured, or degenerated vertebral disc that has protruded against nerve fibers is called a slipped, prolapsed, ruptured, or herniated disc. A slipped disc may cause symptoms such as pain down the back of the leg (sciatica), numbness or weakness. Treatment may include applying hot or cold packs, limiting activity, taking pain relievers, stretching, performing strengthening exercises, physical therapy, massage, or surgery.
Sprains and StrainsAn injury to a ligament is called a sprain, while an injury to a muscle or tendon is called a strain. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, bruising, and decreased range of motion. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the injury is the standard treatment for sprains and strains.
WhiplashWhiplash is a nonmedical term used to describe neck pain following an injury to the soft tissues of your neck (specifically ligaments, tendons, and muscles).
Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox), is made from the bacteria that causes botulism. Botulinum toxin blocks nerve activity in the muscles...learn more »
Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and a fever reducer. There are many brands and forms of acetaminophen available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet...learn more »