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Necrotizing Fasciitis (cont.)

When Is Follow-up Necessary After Treatment of Necrotizing Fasciitis?

Patients who survive necrotizing fasciitis often require follow-up with various specialists, depending on the complications encountered during their hospital course and the subsequent outcome. Many patients require skin grafting and/or reconstructive surgery, as well as physical therapy and rehabilitation. Psychological intervention is sometimes needed for certain patients who may experience depression, anxiety, or other psychological repercussions.

How Can People Prevent Necrotizing Fasciitis?

Preventive measures can be taken to decrease the chances of developing necrotizing fasciitis, though it may not be entirely preventable in all cases, as often the underlying cause is not identified.

Because many cases of necrotizing fasciitis begin after some type of skin trauma, proper wound care and management are important. Keep all wounds clean and watch closely for any signs of infection. Early detection and treatment of infection may be the best measure to prevent the subsequent development of necrotizing fasciitis. Promptly seek medical care if any signs or symptoms of infection appear.

Patients with underlying medical problems, such as diabetes, should watch closely for any signs of infection, and those individuals with a weakened immune system should take measures to avoid exposure to potential infections. Avoiding seafood and direct contact with warm seawater potentially contaminated with Vibrio species is recommended for those individuals with liver disease. Individuals with active skin infections or open wounds should consider avoiding whirlpools, swimming pools, and natural bodies of water.

Maintaining good personal hygiene and frequent hand washing can prevent infection and help control the spread of infection. Following guidelines of proper sterile surgical technique and practicing strict barrier (gloves, gowns, masks, etc.) and isolation precautions in hospitals can also allow health care personnel prevent the development and spread of infection.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/26/2016
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