Doctor's Notes on Oral Thrush
Thrush is the name given to a yeast infection of the mouth or throat, most often caused by Candida yeast. Thrush can be linked to yeast infection of the esophagus as well and is sometimes referred to as oral candidiasis. Thrush is more common in people with some degree of immune system suppression than in those with healthy immune systems.
The characteristic symptom of thrush is a raised, creamy, white, curd-like coating that can be seen on the tongue, insides of the cheeks, tonsils, gums, roof of the mouth, or back of the throat. Possible associated symptoms can include pain, redness, burning, loss of taste sensation, mild bleeding, or discomfort. Another symptom can be abnormal sensation in the mouth, such as a “cotton-like” feeling. This can cause pain with swallowing and refusal to eat in young children.
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Is Thrush Contagious?Thrush in itself is usually not contagious. Technically, oral thrush might be transmitted through kissing or oral sex, though it is rare. However, nursing infants with oral thrush may transmit it to the mother's breast by contact.
Rash (Causes, Types, and Cures)A rash is a visible skin outbreak. Examples of noninfectious rashes include eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, hives, and allergic dermatitis. Types of infectious rashes include ringworm, impetigo, scabies, herpes, chickenpox, and shingles. Rashes may be caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Treatment depends upon the type of rash.
Yeast Infection (Candida, Candidiasis)Candidiasis is type of yeast infection, and is the most common type of yeast infection. Candidiasis yeast infections are caused by a fungus. Areas where candidiasis yeast infection can occur are vaginal, thrush (mouth), skin, diaper rash, nailbed, penile, and other genital organs. Treatment for candidiasis yeast infections are OTC and prescription medication. Rarely a candidiasis yeast infection can infect the internal organs and cause serious complications, even death.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.