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Ovarian Cancer vs. Ovarian Cysts Topic Guide

Ovarian Cancer vs. Ovarian Cysts Ovarian Cancer vs. Ovarian Cysts : Ovarian cancer is a less common group of different types of cancer that start in the cells lining the ovaries. It is the fifth leading cause of cancer of the female reproductive system. Ovarian cysts are closed sac-like, fluid-filled structures in the ovaries. Ovarian cancer and ovarian cysts have similar symptoms and signs, for example, lower abdominal and/or pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, pain during intercourse, pelvic pain, urinary problems, constipation, and feeling full while eating. The differences in the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer and ovarian cysts include, 1) ovarian cancer can cause symptoms of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), loss of appetite, and menstrual abnormalities. 2) Ovarian cysts can cause lower back pain, pelvic pain after strenuous exercise, infertility, and heartburn. Most ovarian cancers occur in women who have finished menopause, around 45-70 years old, while ovarian cysts are common and occur in women of all ages. Some types of ovarian cysts increase the risk or may lead to ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer of the female reproductive system.

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