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Symptoms and Signs of Ovarian Cysts

Doctor's Notes on Ovarian Cysts

An ovarian cyst is an enclosed sac-like structure filled with fluid or semi-solid material located in the ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common and can arise due to a number of causes. Causes of ovarian cysts include

Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancerous), but in some cases, ovarian cancers may be associated with cysts.

Ovarian cysts do not always cause signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms are more common with larger cysts. Symptoms of an ovarian cyst can include

  • pain in the abdomen,
  • pelvis, or low back,
  • bloating, or increased abdominal girth.

Associated symptoms with larger cysts can include pain during sexual intercourse difficulty with bowel movements, having painful bowel movements, or nausea and vomiting.

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 5/6/2020


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.