Doctor's Notes on Ovarian Cysts
An ovarian cyst is an enclosed sac-like structure filled with fluid or semi-solid material located in the ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common and can arise due to a number of causes. Causes of ovarian cysts include
- hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle (follicular cysts),
- benign tumors, and
- cysts due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancerous), but in some cases, ovarian cancers may be associated with cysts.
Ovarian cysts do not always cause signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms are more common with larger cysts. Symptoms of an ovarian cyst can include
- pain in the abdomen,
- pelvis, or low back,
- bloating, or increased abdominal girth.
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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.