Ulcers are caused by stomach acid which has eaten away at part of the inner lining of the digestive system. "Peptic" describes the location of an ulcer in the stomach or upper small intestine. Causes of peptic ulcers include NSAIDs, physical or emotional stress, cigarette smoking, radiation therapy, caffeine, and H. pylori infection. Symptoms of peptic ulcer include abdominal pain, gnawing or burning pain that may be felt in the back. The pain from peptic ulcer may last from a few minutes to a few hours. Treatment of peptic ulcer depends upon the cause.
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AnxietyAnxiety as a medical condition is characterized by worry, fear, nervousness, shortness of breath, sleep problems and other symptoms. Diarrhea, tremors, and rapid heart rate are some physical symptoms of severe anxiety, which may arise from a mental or physical condition, drug use, or some combination of these causes. Treatment can include medication and psychotherapy.
Canker SoresCanker sores (aphthous stomatitis) are among the most common causes of sores in the mouth. Causes of canker sores include heredity, oral trauma, hormonal changes, anxiety, stress, quitting smoking, medications, food allergies, toothpastes, and certain diseases. Symptoms of canker sores include painful but clear sores, deep painful ulcers, and herpetiforms. Treatment of canker sores include medication and herbal supplements.
Gastrointestinal BleedingGastrointestinal (GI) bleeding either comes from the upper GI or lower GI tract. Upper GI bleeding can be caused by ulcers, gastritis, varices, cancer, or inflammation. Lower GI bleeding is caused by diverticulitis, cancers, IBD, infection, polyps, hemorrhoid's, and anal fissures. Symptoms of GI bleeding include fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, vomiting blood, rectal bleeding, anemia, or a pale appearance. Treatment of GI bleeding depends on the cause.
Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori)Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are bacteria that cause widespread infection. H. pylori may cause symptoms such as inflammation of the stomach and duodenum, ulcers, upper abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, and severe bleeding in the GI tract. However, H. pylori infection may cause no symptoms at all. H. pylori infection may be caused by unsanitary conditions, and is spread by saliva. Treatment includes medications.
Understanding Multiple Sclerosis MedicationsMultiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Examples of medications for treating MS include corticosteroids, for example, methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol); immuno-dilating drugs (interferons and glatiramer acetate (Capaxone); immunosuppressants, for example, Mitoxantrone (Novantrone), cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), azathioprine (Imuran), or methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall); optional therapies, for example, fingolimod (Gilenya); and investigational drugs.
Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis MedicationsRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that causes joint inflammation. Medications for RA include salicylates, NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, DMARDs, biologics, and corticosteroids, among others.
Cigarette SmokingCigarette smoking remains the leading cause of death and illness among Americans. Effects of smoking can cause cancers, emphysema, bronchitis, COPD, chronic cough, and more. Smoking cessation includes nicotine replacement therapy and behavioral therapy.
Peptic Ulcer Topic Guide - Visuals
Peptic Ulcer Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.learn more »
Rabeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach...learn more »
Lansoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor. Lansoprazole decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach...learn more »
Aluminum is a naturally occurring mineral. Aluminum hydroxide is an antacid...learn more »
Sucralfate is used short-term (up to 8 weeks) to treat an active duodenal ulcer.learn more »
Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach...learn more »
Nizatidine is a histamine-2 blocker that works by decreasing the amount of acid produced by the stomach...learn more »
Misoprostol reduces stomach acid and helps protect the stomach from damage that can be caused by taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as...learn more »
Famotidine is used to treat and prevent ulcers in the stomach and intestines. It also treats conditions in which the stomach produces too much acid, such as ...learn more »
Cimetidine is a stomach acid reducer that is used to treat and prevent certain types of stomach ulcer. Cimetidine is also used to treat gastroesophageal ref...learn more »
Metronidazole is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections of the vagina, stomach, liver, skin, joints, brain, and respiratory tract. Metroni...learn more »
Clarithromycin is an antibiotic that is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections affecting the skin and respiratory system.learn more »
Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that is used to treat many different types of infection caused by bacteria, such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia...learn more »