Doctor's Notes on Plague Disease (Black Death)
Plague (also called “Black Death”) is an infectious disease caused by plague bacillus (bacterium), Yersinia pestis. It spreads easily and can be fatal if not treated. The plague killed nearly 200 million people during the Middle Ages and more recently there is concern that forms of the plague could be used as biological weapons in a bioterrorism attack.
Symptoms of plague include fever, chills, body aches, sore throat, headache, weakness, general feeling of illness, abdominal pain (may be the only symptom for septicemic plague), nausea, vomiting (may be bloody), constipation, diarrhea, black or tarry stools, cough (may contain blood), shortness of breath, stiff neck, fever, heart irregularities, low blood pressure, confusion, seizures (later in the infection period), buboes (enlarged, tender, swollen lymph gland most commonly found in the groin, under the arms, or on the neck, depending on the locations of the flea bite), and bleeding into the tissues that can turn tissue black.
Stomach Pain : Nausea & Other Causes QuizQuestion
Bowel regularity means a bowel movement every day.See Answer
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Biological WarfareBiological weapons include any organism (such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi) or toxin found in nature that can be used to kill or injure people. Types of biological agents include anthrax, plague, cholera, tularemia, brucellosis, Q fever, smallpox, monkeypox, arboviral encephalitides, viral hemorrhagic fevers (like Marburg and Ebola virus), staphylococcoal enterotoxin B, ricin, botulinum toxin, mycotoxins, glanders, typhus, and anti-crop biological agents.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Personal protective equipment (PPE) is the term that refers to any garment, respirator, or other piece of gear that protects a person from disease, pathogens, or poisons. PPE is important especially for medical professionals and first-responders to emergencies.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.