IN THIS ARTICLE
What medications treat preeclampsia?
What is the aftercare for preeclampsia?
Just as there were no tests to predict or prevent preeclampsia, there are no tests to predict whether preeclampsia will recur in a subsequent pregnancy. Unfortunately, in a small number of women, preeclampsia will recur. This chance seems to increase if preeclampsia was particularly severe or occurred very early in pregnancy (late second trimester or early third trimester). Although, there are no tests to predict this occurring, the patient should be monitored more closely during a subsequent pregnancy.
What is the prognosis for a woman with preeclampsia?
Most women will have positive outcomes for their pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia. Some women will continue to have problems with their blood pressure, and will need to be monitored closely after delivery.
Most babies do well. Babies born prematurely usually stay in the hospital longer. A rule of thumb is to expect the baby to stay in the hospital until his or her due date.
Unfortunately, a few women and babies experience life-threatening complications from preeclampsia.
Eclampsia (tonic-clonic seizures or coma during pregnancy or postpartum) is an infrequent complication but it has a mortality (death) rate of about 2% and may severely damage the fetus.
A woman who had preeclampsia near term in one pregnancy has a risk of about 10% for developing preeclampsia in a subsequent pregnancy. Those who had severe preeclampsia have about a 20% risk of preeclampsia in subsequent pregnancies. A second pregnancy with the same father reduced the incidence of preeclampsia, while a subsequent pregnancy with a different father may increase the risk of having preeclampsia again.
Having preeclampsia during pregnancy can also increase a woman's chances of having high blood pressure later in life. Research has shown that women who had preeclampsia have a 4-fold greater risk of having hypertension later in life than women who did not have preeclampsia. A woman's risk of stroke later in life is also twice as high if she had preeclampsia.
REFERENCE: American Heart Association. Preeclampsia doubles women's stroke risk, quadruples high blood pressure risk. Feb 16, 2014.<http://blog.heart.org/preeclampsia-doubles-womens-stroke-risk-quadruples-later-high-blood-pressure-risk/>
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/7/2015
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