Pregnancy Planning: Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and substances during the early days, and throughout the pregnancy. Nutritional planning, prevention of birth defects, conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease need careful monitoring. Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and pregnancy-induced hypertension are conditions that may arise during pregnancy. Immunizations, inherited disorders, exercise, air travel, intercourse, and birth control are important factors to consider when planning a pregnancy.
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Down SyndromeDown syndrome is a genetic disorder that is caused by an extra chromosome 21. Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. Other variations of Down syndrome include Robertsonian translocation and partial/segmental trisomy, and mosaic Down syndrome. There is no treatment for Down syndrome.
Heat Exhaustion vs Heat Stroke ComparisonHeat exhaustion and heat stroke are heat-related illnesses. Other heat-related illnesses include heat cramps, heat syncope (fainting), and heat rash. Heat stroke is the most severe form of these conditions, and requires immediate medical treatment by calling 911. Heat exhaustion usually occurs when you play or work in a hot, humid environment and you lose fluids through sweat. This causes the body to overheat and become dehydrated. In heat exhaustion, the body temperature may be high, but not above 104 F (40 C), and medical treatment may be necessary. In contrast, heat stroke (also called heatstroke, sunstroke, or sun stroke) is a life-threatening medical emergency. It usually develops from heat exhaustion, and the internal body temperature rises to the point at which brain damage or damage to other internal organs may result (internal body temperature may reach 105 F or greater [40.5 C or greater). Common symptoms and warning signs of these two heat-related illnesses are nausea, skin flushing, headache, dizziness, weakness, thirst, muscle cramps, and rapid heart rate. Heat exhaustion can be treated with treating dehydration at home or through IV at the doctor's office, Urgent Care, or Emergency Department. Heat stroke is a condition that needs to be treated right away. If you think someone you know is suffering from heat stroke call 911 immediately and get medical help. If medical treatment isn't started urgently, the person may die.
Pregnancy, VomitingMorning sickness, or vomiting during pregnancy, is very common during the first three months of pregnancy. "Morning sickness" does not mean that nausea and vomiting only occur in the morning; symptoms can occur at any time of day. Talk with your doctor if you have persistent vomiting and/or nausea during pregnancy.
Pregnancy Week by WeekPregnancy occurs when an egg is fertilized by a sperm, grows inside a woman's uterus (womb), and develops into a baby. In humans, this process takes about 280 days.
Pregnancy SymptomsThe symptoms of early pregnancy a pregnant woman may experience include missed periods, abdominal bloating, nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness and pain, food cravings, fatigue, frequent urination, elevated body temperature, changes in nipple color, darkening of the skin (melasma), mood swings, stress, headaches, and other symptoms.
Rectal ProlapseRectal prolapse occurs when the rectum, which is usually secured to the pelvis with tissues, ligaments, and muscles, becomes somewhat detached from the pelvis. Causes of rectal prolapse include advanced age, long-term constipation, long-term diarrhea, long-term straining during defecation, pregnancy and the stresses of childbirth, previous surgery, cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, whooping cough, multiple sclerosis, and paralysis (paraplegia).
Vaginal Birth After Cesarean DeliveryVaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) is when a woman has had a cesarean delivery (C-section) before, and she delivers the next baby vaginally. If a woman and her doctor decide a VBAC is an option, she will have a "trial of labor," with the goal of vaginal childbirth. Despite the trial, many women still need another C-section.
Varicose VeinsVaricose veins are thought to be inherited in some people. Other caues of varicose veins include pregnancy, prolonged standing, obesity, straining (constipation, chronic choughing, enlarged prostate, etc.), prior surgery to the leg, and age. Treatments for varicose veins include several modalities and surgery.
Williams SyndromeWilliams Syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder with characteristics, signs, and symptoms like digestive problems, eye problems, short stature, low birth weight babies, cardiac abnormalities, reduced muscle tone, and facial features like a wide mouth, small upturned nose, flat mid-face, widely spaced teeth, misaligned eyes, and a unique personality that combines over-friendliness and high levels of empathy with anxiety. Williams syndrome caused by an inherited (genetic) in which portions of chromosome 7 are deleted. Tests diagnose the condition. Symptoms of Williams syndrome can be treated; however, there is no cure. The average life-span or expectancy is about 10 to 20 years of age.
Rectal Prolapse Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum, which is usually secured to the pelvis with tissues, ligaments, and muscles, becomes somewhat detached from the pelvis. Causes of rectal prolapse include advanced age, long-term constipation, long-term diarrhea, long-term straining during defecation, pregnancy and the stresses of childbirth, previous surgery, cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, whooping cough, multiple sclerosis, and paralysis (paraplegia).
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