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Asthma in PregnancyExperiencing an asthma attack during pregnancy may deprive the fetus of oxygen, so it's important to continue taking the asthma medication that you took before becoming pregnant, especially if your asthma was well controlled. Though it's impossible to predict how pregnancy may affect your asthma, it's important to note that your asthma can still be controlled during pregnancy.
Birth Control OverviewMany different types of birth control are available, and include hormonal methods, barrier methods, and behavioral methods. The type of birth control depends on the method or options a woman chooses. Common side effects of the birth control pill (the most common form of birth control used by women in the US) include, fluid retention, breakthrough bleeding, missed periods, anxiety, mood changes, and decreased sexual desire (libido).
Pregnancy, BleedingBleeding during all phases of pregnancy may be dangerous, even though it can be caused by a large variety of factors. You should call your health care professional if you have any signs of vaginal bleeding during your pregnancy.
Home Pregnancy TestHome pregnancy tests are kits that contain a test to determine if a female is pregnant. Home pregnancy tests are available over-the-counter (OTC) and do not need a prescription. There are a variety of home pregnancy tests available. The accuracy of home pregnancy tests depend upon how well instructions are followed, and how the test kit was used. A pregnancy test performed in a doctor's office is the most accurate test to determine if you are pregnant.
Pregnancy, VomitingMorning sickness, or vomiting during pregnancy, is very common during the first three months of pregnancy. "Morning sickness" does not mean that nausea and vomiting only occur in the morning; symptoms can occur at any time of day. Talk with your doctor if you have persistent vomiting and/or nausea during pregnancy.
Placenta Previa in PregnancyPlacenta previa (also called low lying placenta) is a complication of pregnancy in which the placenta rests low in the uterus (womb) and covers all or part of the opening to the cervix. Causes include scarring, prior caesarian delivery, prior D&C procedure, and smoking, among other causes. The main symptom is bleeding. Treatment may include caesarian delivery.
EclampsiaEclampsia, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, and results when a pregnant woman diagnosed with preeclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine) develops the symptoms of seizures or coma. Causes of eclampsia are unknown. Signs and symptoms of eclampsia include: High blood pressure Increased urine production Decreased kidney function Nervous system changes (severe headaches, blurred vision, seeing spots) Upper abdominal pain Treatment for is delivery of the baby.
EdemaEdema is a condition in which fluid builds up in tissues in certain parts of the body causing swelling, pain, redness, and soreness. There are various types of edema. The most common type is peripheral edema, which affects the arms, legs, ankles, and feet. Edema is caused by many diseases and health problems like water retention, lymphedema, blood clots in the leg.
Food PoisoningFood poisoning is caused by viruses, bacteria, toxins, parasites, or chemicals that have contaminated food or drinking water. Symptoms of food poisoning include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, fever, abdominal cramping, dehydration, rectal bleeding, and bloating. Food poisoning usually can be cared for at home. In some instances (severe dehydration) a person may be hospitalized for treatment.
Heat ExhaustionHeat exhaustion is a condition in which a person's body overheats due to fatigue, exercising or working in a hot environment, or dehydration. They elderly and young children under the age of 5 are at a greater risk for developing heat exhaustion. Symptoms of heat exhaustion in an adults and children include clammy skin, thirst, weak and rapid pulse, vomiting or nausea, headache, sweating heavily, muscle cramps, and weakness. Treatment is to place the affected person in a cool place, try to hydrate the individual, and cool their body with a cool mist of water, or cool (not cold) bath. Heat exhaustion can be prevented if precautions are taken. All cases of heat exhaustion should be evaluated by a medical professional.
PreeclampsiaPreeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is associated with high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Preeclampsia is also referred to as toxemia, or toxemia of pregnancy. The cause of preeclampsia is unknown. Symptoms of preeclampsia are high blood pressure, decrease in urine output, edema of the hands and face, rapid weight gain, and nervous system changes. Treatment of preeclampsia depends on the gestation period of the baby and the associated medical conditions of the mother.
Pregnancy PlanningPregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and substances during the early days, and throughout the pregnancy. Nutritional planning, prevention of birth defects, conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and kidney disease need careful monitoring. Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and pregnancy-induced hypertension are conditions that may arise during pregnancy. Immunizations, inherited disorders, exercise, air travel, intercourse, and birth control are important factors to consider when planning a pregnancy.
Pregnancy, Round Ligament PainMany pregnant women experience abdominal pain for a number of reasons. Often, round ligment stretching is to blame. The round ligament is a muscle that holds the uterus in place, and it stretches as the fetus grows, causing pain. Treatment includes acetaminophen (Tylenol) and activity modification. Though round ligament pain is a completely natural an benign condition of pregnancy, other types of abdominal pain can indicate serious problems; seek medical care if symptoms become serious, for instance, if you have a fever, chills, painful urination or difficulty walking.
Pregnancy SymptomsThe symptoms of early pregnancy a pregnant woman may experience include missed periods, abdominal bloating, nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness and pain, food cravings, fatigue, frequent urination, elevated body temperature, changes in nipple color, darkening of the skin (melasma), mood swings, stress, headaches, and other symptoms.
Rectal ProlapseRectal prolapse occurs when the rectum, which is usually secured to the pelvis with tissues, ligaments, and muscles, becomes somewhat detached from the pelvis. Causes of rectal prolapse include advanced age, long-term constipation, long-term diarrhea, long-term straining during defecation, pregnancy and the stresses of childbirth, previous surgery, cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, whooping cough, multiple sclerosis, and paralysis (paraplegia).
Difference Between Mucus Plug vs Bloody ShowWhile a woman is pregnant, a mucus plug acts as a barrier and blocks the opening to the uterus (the cervix) to prevent bacteria from entering the uterus. Bloody show sounds dramatic, but it’s a normal part of pregnancy that describes a discharge of both mucus and blood that occurs right before labor. "Bloody show" may include the mucus plug, but is not a synonym for "mucus plug."
Expert Views and News
- Warning Against Tylenol Acetaminophen in Pregnancy
- Want to Have a Baby? Mind Your Alcohol
- COVID Vaccines Appear Safe, Effective in Pregnancy
- Obesity Double Hit in Pregnancy With Heart Disease
- Psoriasis Study Finds Normal Pregnancy Outcomes
- Metformin for Diabetes During Pregnancy
- Marijuana Risk in Pregnancy, Youth
- Nutrient Protects the Fetal Brain From Marijuana
- Rising Temperatures Affecting Fetal Development
- High BP Early in Pregnancy Linked to Birth Risks
- Antibiotics After Assisted Vaginal Delivery
- 700 Pregnancy-Related Deaths Annually
- Blood Test Speeds Preeclampsia Diagnosis
- Simple New Urine Test for Preeclampsia
- Autism, Depression Tied to Prenatal Exposures
- Smoking Doubles Risk for SIDS
- Preeclampsia Linked to Later Stroke Risk
- Downward Trend in US Infant Mortality Rates Stalls
- Four Steps to Reduce Maternal Mortality
- Label Mix-Up Prompts Asthma/Allergy Med Recall
- Pregnant, Lactating Women and Marijuana Use
- Lose Weight in Pregnancy for Healthy Baby
- Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes With Hypertension
- ADHD Prescriptions Skyrocket Among Young Women
- Birth Interval Linked to Autism Risk
- Social Media Helps Moms Overcome Vaccine Fears
- Sleep Disorders in Pregnancy Link to Preterm Birth
- Hepatitis C Underreported in Infants
- Senate Kills Funding for Planned Parenthood
- Gestational Diabetes and Postpartum Depression
- Final Fish Consumption Advice From FDA and EPA
- Lamotrigine, Levetiracetam Top AEDs in Pregnancy
- GDM Ups Cardiovascular Risk
- Gastric Bypass May Bring Infant Nutrition Deficits
- Guidelines for Pregnancy During Zika Outbreak
- Increase in Birth Defects of Abdominal Wall
- One in 10 Pregnant Women Drinks Alcohol
- Prescription Meds: Too Common in Pregnancy?
- Can You Take Antidepressants While Pregnant?
- Young Parents, Doubled ADHD Risk for Child?
- 3-Parent In Vitro Fertilization: FAQ
- U.K. Approves '3-Parent Babies'
- U.K. Moves Closer to 3-Parent Babies
- Pregnancy Complication Linked to Autism
- Should Men Worry About Being Too Old to Have Kids?
- Pollution Down, but Health Risks Persist
- Egg Freezing for a Future Pregnancy: What to Know
- Duchess Kate & Prince William Expecting 2nd Baby
Pregnancy Week by Week Topic Guide - Visuals
Slideshows, Pictures, Images, and Quizzes:
Pregnancy Week by Week Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Folic acid is a type of B vitamin that is normally found in foods such as dried beans, peas, lentils, oranges, whole-wheat products, liver, asparagus, beets,...learn more »
Ferrous fumarate and iron polysaccharide are two different types of iron. You normally get iron from the foods you eat. In your body, iron becomes a part of...learn more »