Font Size

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) (cont.)

Which Specialties of Doctors Treat Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?

PMS can be treated by primary care providers, including pediatricians, internists, and family practitioners as well as gynecologists.

Can I Prevent Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?

Lifestyle changes for PMS

  • Perform aerobic exercise (if not daily, then 3-4 times a week, even a brisk walk).
  • Learn and use stress management techniques such as relaxation, deep breathing, meditation, a warm bath, listening to music, or yoga in your day.
  • Limit salt intake (to help reduce fluid retention, bloating, and swelling especially in the feet and hands).
  • Limit caffeine intake (caffeine can make breast tenderness worse and increase headaches).
  • Avoid alcohol (alcohol can often affect a woman differently before her period).
  • Eat small meals and snacks spread throughout the day so you don't go for long periods of time without eating.
  • Vitamin therapy
  • An adequate intake of some vitamins may help prevent some of the symptoms of PMS, although this has not been conclusively established.
  • Vitamin B6 - 100 mg per day maximum (larger doses sometimes cause serious side effects). The patient can also take a B-complex that includes all the B vitamins. Vitamin B6 may take the edge off irritability and reduce fatigue and depression.
  • Vitamin E - 400 IU per day (maximum) may be helpful in reducing breast tenderness.
  • Calcium - 1,000-1,200 mg per day of elemental calcium (the labels on foods and supplements give the amount of elemental calcium they contain) may reduce bloating, body aches, anxiety, or depression.
  • Magnesium - Some small studies of magnesium supplementation have shown that 200 to 360 mg of magnesium taken up to 3 times per day may provide some relief.

Is There a Cure for Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?

  • The only definitive cure for PMS is removal of the ovaries, which may have many other complications and unwanted long- and short-term consequences. Most women gain benefit from existing therapies without surgery.
  • If a woman has a severe case of PMS, some doctors will treat them with a variety of medications or with a combination of medicine, diet, and exercise.

REFERENCE: Premenstrual syndrome.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/17/2016

Must Read Articles Related to Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Acne Acne is a red skin rash caused by several factors, ...learn more >>
Aerobic Exercise
Aerobic Exercise Aerobic exercise is moderate physical activity that's sustained for a few minutes with the goal of improving health. Walking, biking, swimming, dancing, and jog...learn more >>
Anxiety Anxiety as a medical condition is characterized ...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS):

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - Experience

Please share your experience with PMS.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - Effective Treatments

What kinds of treatments have been effective for your premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS - Symptoms

What symptoms do you have with premenstrual syndrome, and how do you manage them?

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Premenstrual Syndrome »

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a recurrent luteal phase condition characterized by physical, psychological, and behavioral changes of sufficient severity to result in deterioration of interpersonal relationships and normal activity.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary