Doctor's Notes on Presbyopia
Presbyopia is the loss of the eye's ability to see clearly at a normal near working distance. Signs and symptoms include
- difficulty reading small print,
- needing to hold objects at arm's distance to focus properly,
- headaches, and
- eyestrain and/or eye fatigue, especially when reading.
The cause of presbyopia is due to a gradual loss of elasticity of the eye lens as the person ages. The usual treatment is for the person to begin using reading glasses. Infrequently, physicians may attempt surgical techniques depending on the patient's condition (for example, LASIK surgery, multifocal lens implantation after cataract surgery). Presbyopia occurs in all aging eyes. You cannot prevent presbyopia.
What Are the Treatments for Presbyopia?
Although presbyopia can not be prevented, it can be corrected by wearing glasses, contact lenses, and/or some surgical procedures. The following are options for treatment of presbyopia:
- reading glasses
- corrective eyeglasses
- contact lenses eye surgery
Your eye doctor can help you decide what options are best for you.
Must Read Articles:
Anatomy and Physiology of the EyeEven though the eye is small, only about 1 inch in diameter, it serves a very important function -- the sense of sight. Vision is by far the most used of the five senses and is one of the primary means that we use to gather information from our surroundings.
Vision Correction SurgeryVision correction surgery changes the cornea to focus light on the back of the eye without the need for corrective lenses. There are several types of vision correction surgery, including: radial keratotomy (RK), photorefractive keratotomy (PRK), laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (iLASIK), laser thermal keratoplasty (LTK), conductive keratoplasty (CK), intracorneal ring segments (ICR), phakic intraocular lens implants, and presbyopic refractive lens exchange (PRELEX). Vision correction surgery can benefit those with myopia, hyperopia , and astigmatism.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.