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Primary Insomnia Topic Guide

Primary Insomnia Primary Insomnia:

Primary insomnia is sleeplessness that cannot be attributed to a medical, psychiatric, or environmental cause (such as drug abuse or medications). Symptoms of primary insomnia include:

  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Frequently awakening during the night
  • Atypical reactions to sleep medications
  • Tense

Treatment may include lifestyle changes, therapy, medication, or a combination of these.

Primary Insomnia Topic Guide - Visuals

Slideshows, Pictures, Images, and Quizzes:

Primary Insomnia Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

ramelteon Ramelteon

Ramelteon is a sedative, also called a hypnotic. It works by affecting certain substances in your body that help regulate your "sleep-wake cycle."

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eszopiclone Eszopiclone

Eszopiclone is a sedative that is used to treat insomnia. This medicine causes relaxation to help you fall asleep and stay asleep...learn more »

zaleplon Zaleplon

Zaleplon is a sedative, also called a hypnotic. It affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with sleep problems (insomnia)...learn more »

quazepam Quazepam

Quazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen). Quazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety...learn more »

estazolam Estazolam

Estazolam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen). Estazolam affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced and cause sleep problems (insomnia)....learn more »

zolpidem Zolpidem

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia. The immediate-release forms of zolpidem are Ambien, Intermezzo, Edluar, and Zolpimist, which...learn more »

triazolam Triazolam

Triazolam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen) similar to Valium. Triazolam affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced and cause sleep pr...learn more »

trazodone Trazodone

Trazodone is used to treat major depressive disorder...learn more »

temazepam Temazepam

Temazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen). Temazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with sleep problems (inso...learn more »

flurazepam Flurazepam

Flurazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen) similar to Valium. Flurazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with ...learn more »

diazepam rectal Diazepam Rectal

Diazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen). Diazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with seizures...learn more »