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Enlarged ProstateEnlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH) As the prostate gland grows, it may press on the urethra and cause difficulty with urination. Symptoms and signs of an enlarged prostate include blood in the urine, the inability to urinate, frequent urination, and a slow flow or dribbling urine.Medications and surgery are available if an enlarged prostate is causing problems. A man's prostate gland usually starts to enlarge after he reaches age 40 years or middle age.
Can You Ever Be Cured of Prostate CancerWhen prostate cancer is detected early, the prognosis is good. For localized prostate cancer (cancer that hasn't spread to other areas), the five-year survival rate is nearly 100%. Once the cancer has spread to other organs, the five-year survival rate is 30%.
Can You Have Sex After Prostate CancerProstate cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells in the prostate, which is located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder in men. While sex after prostate cancer is possible, erectile dysfunction (ED) and loss of sex drive (libido) are common after receiving prostate cancer treatment.
Can You Prevent Prostate CancerThere isn't a specific way to prevent prostate cancer, but there are several healthy habits men can practice in order to lower their risk. These include a healthy diet and weight, regular exercise, and taking certain supplements and medications.
Cancer: What You Need to KnowCancer is a common and deadly disease, and it's surrounded by myths. There are certain basics a patient needs to know when they're confronted with a cancer diagnosis; everything from clinical facts and practices to learning how to navigate the health insurance bureaucracy.
Cancer SymptomsMost symptoms and signs of cancer may also be explained by harmless conditions, so it's important to limit one's risk factors and undergo appropriate cancer screening. Common cancer symptoms and signs are a change in bowel habits or urination, persistent cough, blood in the stool, urine, or saliva, lump in the breast or testicle, hoarseness, swollen glands, a change in a wart or mole, unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge, difficulty swallowing, unexplained weight loss, and headaches.
Common Health TestsCommon health tests may be performed in your doctor's office or even in the pharmacy. Regular health checks and screening for certain diseases and conditions have become routine for most. Common health tests include a mammogram, cholesterol tests, and colonoscopy.
How Long Live Without Prostate Cancer TreatmentTreatment for prostate cancer depends on whether cancer is in part or all of the prostate, if the cancer has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body, and the age and overall health of the patient. Closely monitoring and watchful waiting are treatment options for small, localized, slow-growing prostate cancer, but not for fast-growing cancer or metastasized cancer (cancer is likely to have spread outside the prostate).
Inability to UrinateThe inability to urinate (urinary retention) may be caused by an enlarged prostate, a urinary tract infection, or ruptured disc. Symptoms include abdominal pain and fever. Acute urinary retention requires a trip to the emergency department.
Incontinence FAQsGet answers to frequently asked questions about urinary incontinence types, causes, health factors, symptoms, tests, treatment, and exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
Is Prostate Cancer Usually FatalProstate cancer is the result of the out-of-control growth of prostate cells. When prostate cancer is detected early (usually during routine screening tests), the prognosis is good and the survival rate is nearly 100%.
Understanding the Male AnatomyThe male reproductive system includes seven structures, the penis, scrotum (balls), testicles (testes), vas Deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland (problems include enlarged prostate or BPH, prostate cancer, and proctitis), and the urethra (problems include urethra blockage, difficulty urinating, and increase in frequency).Certain drugs, medications, environmental factors, health problems, and a number of diseases and conditions can affect or alter the function of any or all of these structures.
What Is Life Expectancy of Stage 4 Prostate CancerProstate cancer has a nearly 100% survival rate when it's localized (has not spread to other parts of the body), or regional prostate cancer, when it's spread to nearby structures or lymph nodes. Stage 4 prostate cancer that has spread to other organs has a 30% five-year survival rate.
Men's HealthMen need to make sure that they are aware of their own special health needs. Learn various ways men can improve their health on topics like the lifestyle changes men can make to help prevent diseases, what medical screening tests should be performed as men age, men's sexual health, men's prostate health, erectile dysfunction, and low T (low testosterone in men).
IncontinenceUrinary incontinence is when there's an involuntary loss of urine. There are many types of incontinence, including urge incontinence (overactive bladder), mixed incontinence, reflex incontinence, and stress incontinence. Potential causes of incontinence include overactive bladder muscles, weak bladder muscles, blockage of urine flow, and nerve damage. Treatment may involve dietary changes and exercise, including Kegel exercises and using vaginal weights.
Best for Prostate Cancer Surgery or RadiationWhen prostate cancer is detected early and before it has spread to other organs, your chances of survival are good. The best treatment for prostate cancer depends on where the cancer is located, whether it is localized or metastasized, and how early it is diagnosed. Treatment options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and others.
What Is the Best Test to Diagnose Prostate CancerProstate cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells in the prostate. Several tests can be used to diagnose prostate cancer, which include the PSA blood test, prostate health index (PHI) blood test, prostate cancer urine test, biopsy, MRI, and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS).
Life Expectancy When Prostate Cancer SpreadsLife expectancy for prostate cancer is usually given as five-year survival rates, or the percentage of people who will be alive five years after diagnosis. In stage 4 prostate cancer, when the cancer has spread to other organs, the survival rate is below 30%.
What Is the Main Cause of Prostate Cancer?Prostate cancer is cancer developing in the prostate gland in men. It is one of the most common types of cancer seen in men older than 50 years of age. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces seminal fluid required to nourish and transport the sperm.
Cancer is a common and deadly disease, and it's surrounded by myths. There are certain basics a patient needs to know when they're confronted with a cancer diagnosis; everything from clinical facts and practices to learning how to navigate the health insurance bureaucracy.
Expert Views and News
- Statins Again Shown to Improve Odds After Cancer D
- Prostate Cancer and Vasectomy Not Linked
- Linked: Baldness, Risk for Prostate Cancer Death
- Scientists Identify 5 Types of Prostate Cancer
- Dogs Find Prostate Cancer by Smell
- The Future of Cancer Detection
- Proton Beam Therapy Better for Prostate Cancer?
- Prostate Cancer: Start-and-Stop Hormone Therapy Works
- Can Prostate Cancer Screening Improve Men's Lives?
- Study: PSA Testing Cuts Worst Prostate Cancers
- Eat Antioxidants to Lower Pancreatic Cancer Risk?
- Prostate Cancer Surgery May Not Always Up Survival
- PSA Screening Controversy: FAQ
- Panel: Don't Get PSA Prostate Cancer Screen
- Some Cholesterol Drugs May Slow Prostate Growth
- Ultrasound 'Male Lumpectomy' for Prostate Cancer
- Best Prostate Cancer Radiation?
- PSA Test Cuts Prostate-Cancer Deaths -- At a Cost
- Can Circumcision Prevent Prostate Cancer?
- New Type of Prostate Cancer Pill Extends Lives
- Study: Radioactive Seeds Beat Out Other Prostate Cancer Treatments
- Drug for Enlarged Prostate May Slow Cancer Growth
- Common Prostate Cancer Treatment May Be Less Risky Than Thought
- Vitamin E Supplements May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk
- Infections Linked to Biopsies for Prostate Cancer
- Shorter Course of Radiation May Treat Prostate Cancer
- Combination Therapy May Treat Prostate Cancer
- FDA: Prostate Cancer Risk From BPH, Hair Drugs
- Prostate Cancer Drug Zytiga May Extend Life
- Coffee May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Prostate Cancer: Early Surgery or Watchful Waiting?
- FDA Approves Prostate Cancer Drug Zytiga
- Prostate Cancer Screening
- Weight Gain After Prostate Cancer Therapy
- Prostate Cancer Test Debate
- FDA Panel Rejects Drugs to Prevent Prostate Cancer
- FDA: Prostate Cancer Drugs Raise Diabetes, Heart Risk
- Aggressive Treatment for Prostate Cancer Normal
- Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Avodart May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Balding Before 30 May Cut Prostate Cancer Risk
- STD Linked to Prostate Cancer
- Virus Linked to Prostate Cancer
- Prostate Cancer: Who Needs Chemical Castration?
- Fatty Fish May Cut Prostate Cancer Risk
- Prostate Cancer: No Treatment OK for Some
- Folic Acid May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk
- 'Male Lumpectomy' for Prostate Cancer
- Drug May Help Prevent Prostate Cancer
- Drug Combo May Fight Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer Topic Guide - Visuals
Slideshows, Pictures, Images, and Quizzes:
Prostate Cancer Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Triptorelin is a man-made form of a hormone that regulates many processes in the body...learn more »
Docetaxel is used to treat breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, stomach cancer, and head/neck cancer...learn more »
Bicalutamide is used to treat prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic)...learn more »
Nilutamide is used to treat prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body...learn more »
Leuprolide overstimulates the body's own production of certain hormones, which causes that production to shut down temporarily. Leuprolide reduces the amoun...learn more »
Finasteride prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body. DHT is involved in the development of benign prostatic hyperpla...learn more »