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Prostate Infections (cont.)

Prostate Infections Follow-up

Follow-up is very important to make sure the infection has cleared up. For example, in chronic bacterial prostatitis, follow-up tests after antibiotic treatment has ceased may indicate that an additional time period is needed to stop or control the infection. Some patients may benefit from additional follow-up studies if urinary tract abnormalities are found.

Prostate Infection Risk Factors and Prevention

There are some risk factors that cannot be prevented that increase the chance of developing acute and chronic prostate infection. Such risk factors include:

  • being a young or middle aged man,
  • experiencing pelvic trauma,
  • previous prostate infections,
  •  and possibly stress and genetics.

Prevention methods or more accurately, reducing the chances of any prostate infections, is to stay well hydrated, avoid sexually transmitted diseases, and avoid any mild or undetected injury by bicycling horseback riding, or other activity that may cause groin injury.

Prostate Infections Prognosis

The prognosis for acute bacterial prostatic infections is usually good if treated appropriately with effective antibiotics. The prognosis for chronic bacterial prostatic infections is less or only fair because the recurrent disease is difficult to cure, and the cure rate is less than the acute type.

  • No evidence suggests that any prostate infections increase the risk of urinalysis.
  • Only a few men with acute bacterial prostatitis develop chronic bacterial prostatitis. After patients recover, their doctor should evaluate their upper urinary tract.
  • Only half of the men with chronic bacterial prostatitis will be cured (70% in some studies). Relapses are common and may lead to psychological problems, especially depression.

Medically reviewed by Michael Wolff, MD; American Board of Urology

REFERENCES: Prostatitis - bacterial acute.

Cai T, Mazzoli S, Meacci F, et al. Epidemiological features and resistance pattern in uropathogens isolated from chronic bacterial prostatitis. J. Microbiol., 49(3):448-454, 2011 Urinary Tract Infection in Males.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/20/2017

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