Doctor's Notes on Pulmonary Edema vs. Emphysema
Pulmonary edema and emphysema are both conditions that affect the lungs. Pulmonary edema is an excess collection of watery fluid in the lungs that inhibits lung function. Emphysema is a chronic, progressive lung disease in which the lung tissue involved in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide is damaged or destroyed. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
A shared symptom of pulmonary edema and emphysema is shortness of breath.
Signs and symptoms of pulmonary edema also include:
- coughing up frothy sputum,
- becoming cool and clammy,
- chest pain,
- vomiting, and
- poor decision-making.
Signs and symptoms of emphysema also include:
- decreased tolerance for exercise, and
- "pursed-lip breathing," in which a person exhales through pursed lips, and inhales through the nose in order to create pressure in the airways, opening them and allowing air to enter.
What Is the Treatment for Pulmonary Edema and Emphysema?
Management of pulmonary edema can involve multiple types of treatment:
- Diuretic medications
- Supplemental oxygen
- Narcotics to relieve pain and anxiety
- Medications to control blood pressure and support heart function
Treatment of emphysema may involve:
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) QuizQuestion
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the same as adult-onset asthma.See Answer
Must Read Articles:
EmphysemaEmphysema a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs. The most common symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath. Causes and risk factors for emphysema include cigarette smoking, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, air pollution, abnormal airway reactivity, gender, and age. Treatment includes medication, lifestyle changes (quitting smoking), surgery, and lung transplantation.
Pulmonary EdemaPulmonary edema is a collection of excess fluid in the lungs. Pulmonary edema is classified as either cardiogenic (caused by heart problems) and non-cardiogenic. The primary symptom of pulmonary edema is shortness of breath. Pulmonary edema can be a life-threatening medical situation. The treatment for pulmonary edema can be ICU care in some cases, and medication in other cases.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.