Puncture Wound Facts
- A puncture wound is caused by an object piercing the skin and creating a small hole. Some punctures are just on the surface. Others can be very deep, depending on the source and cause.
- A puncture wound does not usually result in excessive bleeding. Usually, these wounds close fairly quickly without any intervention.
- Treatment may be necessary to prevent infection in some wounds. A puncture wound from a cause such as stepping on a nail can become infected because the object that caused the wound may carry bacteria or spores Clostridium spp that cause tetanus into the skin and tissue.
- The subject of puncture wounds discussed here is meant to cover only the non-life-threatening wounds, and is not an article that covers deep organ penetrating wounds seen with guns, large knives, lances or other similar objects.
Puncture Wound Causes
Common causes of puncture wounds are wood splinters, pins, nails, and glass. Puncture wounds may also be caused by objects such as scissors and knives. Almost any sharp object can potentially cause a puncture wound.
Puncture Wound Symptoms
Puncture wounds usually cause pain and mild bleeding at the site of the puncture. It is usually fairly obvious if a person is cut. However, small pieces of glass may cause puncture wounds that a person may not notice at first.
Infection may cause redness, swelling, pus, or watery discharge from a puncture wound that is not noticed or not treated properly.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/17/2017
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