Rectal Bleeding (cont.)
Rectal Bleeding Medical Treatment
The treatment for rectal bleeding depends on the cause and source of the bleeding.
- Regardless of the source of bleeding, treatment of significant blood loss will begin by stabilizing the patient's condition.
- Initially, oxygen will be provided to the patient and the heart will be monitored. An IV will be started to administer fluids and for a possible blood transfusion.
- Further treatment options will depend on the suspected source of bleeding. It is likely a specialist such as a general surgeon, gastroenterologist, or ulcerative colitis will become involved in the treatment plan.
- Admission to the hospital is required when a marked amount of blood loss has occurred, if bleeding has not stopped, or if your vital signs have not become normal.
Rectal Bleeding Self-Care at Home and Home Remedies
If minimal rectal bleeding, such as blood-streaked toilet tissue, is the source of the problem, it may be due to hemorrhoids or a rectal fissure. Home therapy can be attempted. All other causes of rectal bleeding should be evaluated and treated by a physician promptly.
Self-care of rectal bleeding may include various rectal ointments and suppositories. These can be bought over-the-counter without a prescription. If the person's symptoms do not improve within one week of treatment, or he or she is older than 40 years of age, a doctor should be seen for further evaluation.
Simple home care of rectal bleeding include:
Drink 8-10 glasses of water per day.
Bathe or shower daily to cleanse the skin around the anus.
Decrease straining with bowel movements.
Increase fiber in the diet with supplements such as Metamucil, Benefiber, or foods such as prunes.
Avoid sitting on the toilet too long.
Apply ice packs to the affected area to decrease pain.
Take a sitz bath. This is a warm water bath with water just deep enough to cover the hips and buttocks, and can help relieve some symptoms of itching, pain and discomfort of hemorrhoids.
Avoid drinking alcohol, as that contributes to dehydration, which is one cause of constipation.
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