Retinal Detachment: A retinal detachment can cause permanent vision loss. Symptoms and signs of a detached retina include floaters, blurry vision, distorted vision, and flashing lights. Treatment depends upon the type of retinal detachment, the location, and size of the detachment.
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Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2)What causes diabetes, what tests diagnose it, and what is a good diabetic diet? Learn the signs of being diabetic, the treatments, and the differences between type 1 vs. type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent) can be caused by heredity, environmental factors, or ethnicity. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) can be caused by high blood pressure, high lipid levels, high-fat diet, high alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, ethnicity, or age.
Diabetic Eye DiseaseDiabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness in the US and worldwide. Diabetic eye disease is a complication from diabetes. Types of diabetic eye disease include blindness, background diabetic retinopathy, nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy includes blurry or hazy vision, difficulty focusing, and night glare from oncoming lights. Causes of diabetic eye disease occur over time due to hypoglycemia (high blood sugar) and other abnormalities in metabolism found in people with diabetes. Treatment for diabetes eye problems depends on the type of eye problem. Medication and surgery for diabetes eye problems may be necessary in addition to lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, exercise, quitting smoking.
Eye FloatersEye floaters are often described as black spots or squiggly strands in a patient's field of vision. Floaters may be caused by a spontaneous vitreous separation, a retinal hole or tear, foreign bodies, macular degeneration, or postoperative matter. Treatment of floaters depends upon the underlying cause.
Sickle Cell CrisisSickle cell disease is a form of anemia and is the most common hereditary blood disorders with symptoms of dehydration, fever, and cold exposure. In sickle cell disease, the red blood cells are shaped abnormally, and have a "sickle" shape.
UltrasoundUltrasound (sonography, Doppler study) is a non-invasive diagnostic medical procedure performed to exam the internal organs and tissues of the body. There are several types of ultrasound, including 2D, 3D and 4D. An abdominal ultrasound is commonly used to examine the fetus during pregnancy, while a transvaginal ultrasound may be used to assess non-pregnancy symptoms
Sickle Cell Disease Sickle cell disease is a form of anemia and is the most common hereditary blood disorders with symptoms of dehydration, fever, and cold exposure. In sickle cell disease, the red blood cells are shaped abnormally, and have a "sickle" shape.