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ArthritisArthritis is inflammation of the joints. Arthritis causes include injury, abnormal metabolism (such as gout), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis [RA] and systemic lupus erythematosus). Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited joint function. Treatment may include pain medications, pain-relieving creams, and dietary supplements.
Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis MedicationsRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that causes joint inflammation. Medications for RA include salicylates, NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, DMARDs, biologics, and corticosteroids, among others.
Chronic PainChronic pain is pain that persists for a period of six months or longer, and is the result of a long-standing medical condition(s) or damage to the body. Common sources of chronic pain include headaches, back pain, and arthritis. There are several types of pain including general somatic pain, visceral pain, bone pain, muscle cramps, neuropathy, circulatory problems, and headache pain. Chronic pain may be managed with over-the-counter or prescription medications.
IritisIritis, or anterior uveitis, is an inflammation on the front part of the eye called the iris. The iris is the colored part of the eye that opens and closes the pupil of the eye. Trauma, infections, or autoimmune problems can all cause iritis. Iritis is typically treated with eyedrops or pills.
Joint PainJoint pain can be caused by injury or disease affecting any of the ligaments, bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. Pain also occurs with joint inflammation (arthritis) and infection. Joint pain symptoms can be associated with local warmth, swelling, and tenderness. Treatment depends on the cause and can include rest, cold applications, medications, physical therapy, or surgery.
Juvenile Rheumatoid ArthritisRheumatoid arthritis, often called RA, is a chronic (long-standing) disease that damages and eventually destroys the joints of the body. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), or juvenile arthritis, is not a single disease but a group of diseases. Symptoms and signs include fever and joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Treatment focuses on relieving pain, improving function, and preventing joint damage.
Knee Joint ReplacementThe procedure of knee joint replacement is called a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This surgery involves replacing your knee joint with a manmade one. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis commonly cause loss of knee function that necessitates a knee joint replacement.
Expert Views and News
- Arthritis Prevalence Vastly Underestimated
- Eating Fish May Reduce Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Early Treatment Boosts Long-Term Arthritis Outcome
- How a Periodontal Infection Might Trigger RA
- New Version of RA Drug Enbrel: FAQ
- Umbilical Cord Blood May One Day Treat Eczema, RA
- Can You Have Both Rheumatoid Arthritis and Gout?
- Sugary Drinks and Rheumatoid Arthritis Linked?
- RA Strategy: Treat Early, but With What Medicines?
- A Blood Test for Fibromyalgia?
- Copper Bracelets 'Don't Help Rheumatoid Arthritis'
- Gum Disease More Common in People With RA
- Pill Instead of a Needle May Soon Be Option for RA
- Newer Drugs Help RA Patients Live Longer
- Study: Actemra Tops Rival in Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Yoga May Improve Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Eye Color Linked to Skin Diseases
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Linked to Irregular Heartbeat
- Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect Birth Rates
- Chinese Herb Targets Immune System
- 2 in 5 Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Sedentary
- Pill for RA Works as Well as Shot
- Women Under 50 With RA at Higher Fracture Risk
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs May Have Skin Cancer Risk
- New Oral RA Drug Works in Unique Way
- RA Symptoms May Worsen From Poor Sleep
- Depression Lurks for Low-Income RA Patients
- Smoking May Interfere With RA Treatment
- Smoking Raises Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk
- Heart Attack Risk Quickly Follows RA Diagnosis
- Pill Cuts Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Gets New Classification
- Blood Test May Predict Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Chinese Herb May Ease Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: New Treatment Target?
- Fixing Gums May Help Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Fixing Gums May Help Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Tougher on Women?
- Rituxan Treats Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Topic Guide - Visuals
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Tofacitinib is used to treat moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis or active psoriatic arthritis in adults who have tried methotrexate or other medications...learn more »
Golimumab is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or ulcerative colitis. Golimumab is sometimes used with anothe...learn more »
Certolizumab is used to treat the symptoms of Crohn's disease after other treatments have failed...learn more »
Abatacept a protein that prevents your body's immune system from attacking healthy tissues such as joints. The immune system helps your body fight infection...learn more »
Adalimumab reduces the effects of a substance in the body that can cause inflammation...learn more »
Anakinra reduces the actions of chemicals in the body that are involved in inflammatory and immune responses...learn more »
Infliximab reduces the effects of a substance in the body that can cause inflammation...learn more »
Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation...learn more »
Etodolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Etodolac works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »
Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). This medicine works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation...learn more »
Salsalate is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) in a group of drugs called salicylates (sa-LIS-il-ates)...learn more »
Auranofin is a form of gold that reduces some of the effects of the inflammatory process in the body...learn more »
Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common ...learn more »
Sulfasalazine is used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC), and to decrease the frequency of UC attacks. Sulfasalazine will not cure ulcerative colitis, ...learn more »
Flurbiprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Flurbiprofen works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »
Diflunisal is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »
Aspirin is a salicylate (sa-LIS-il-ate). It works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain, fever, and inflammation...learn more »
Cyclosporine weakens your body's immune system, to help keep it from "rejecting" a transplanted organ such as a kidney. Organ rejection happens when the imm...learn more »
Sulindac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Sulindac works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »
Fenoprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Fenoprofen works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body...learn more »