Symptoms and Signs of Rosacea

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the central face of adults (rare in children). Signs and symptoms include red faces (may include the forehead, cheeks, chin, nose and occasionally, the eyelids.). Raised red bumps and pustules may occur. Over time, scarring and skin thickening may be present.

The cause of rosacea is unknown. However, some researchers note that affected individuals have an unusual amount of vascular hyperreactivity that results in intense and prolonged facial flushing when exposed to certain stimuli like drinking hot liquids and other stimuli. Over time, the flushing becomes permanent due to persistent enlargement of small facial blood vessels.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.