Apothecary Rose, Cynorhodon, Cynorhodons, Cynosbatos, Dog Rose, Dog Rose Hips, Églantier, Fruit de l'Églantier, Gulab, Heps, Hip, Hip Fruit, Hip Sweet, Hipberry, Hop Fruit, Persian Rose, Phool Gulab, Pink Rose, Poire d'oiseaux, Rosa alba, Rosa centifolia, Rosa damascena, Rosa de castillo, Rosa gallica, Rosa Mosqueta, Rosa provincialis, Rosa canina, Rose Hips, Rosa lutetiana, Rosa pomifera, Rosa rugosa, Rosa villosa, Satapatri, Rosae pseudofructus cum semen, Rosehip, Rosehips, Rose des Apothicaires, Rose de Provins, Rose Rouge de Lancaster, Rosier de Provence, Satapatrika, Shatpari, Wild Boar Fruit.
Rose hips are the round portion of the rose flower just below the petals. Rose hips contain the seeds of the rose plant. Dried rose hips and the seeds are used together to make medicine.
Fresh rose hips contain a lot of vitamin C, so they share many uses with vitamin C including preventing and treating colds, flu, and vitamin C deficiencies. However, much of the vitamin C in rose hips is destroyed during drying and processing and also declines rapidly during storage. Because of this, many rose hip-derived "natural" vitamin C products have actually been fortified with lab-made vitamin C, but their labels may not always say so.
Rose hips are also used for stomach disorders including stomach spasms, stomach acid deficiency, preventing stomach irritation and ulcers, and as a "stomach tonic" for intestinal diseases. They are also used for diarrhea, constipation, gallstones, gallbladder ailments, lower urinary tract and kidney disorders, fluid retention (dropsy or edema), gout, back and leg pain (sciatica), diabetes, high cholesterol, weight loss, high blood pressure, chest ailments, fever, increasing immune function during exhaustion, increasing blood flow in the limbs, increasing urine flow and quenching thirst.
In foods and in manufacturing, rose hips are used for tea, jam, soup, and as a natural source of vitamin C.
How does it work?
Some people use rose hip as a source of vitamin C. It is true that fresh rose hip contains vitamin C. But processing and drying of the plant destroys most of the vitamin C.
Possibly Effective for...
- Osteoarthritis. Overall, research suggests that rose hip is beneficial for people with osteoarthritis. Most research shows that taking a specific rose hip product (Hyben Vital) twice daily for 3-4 months reduces pain and stiffness and improves function in people with osteoarthritis.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
- Painful menstruation. Some evidence suggests that applying an aromatherapy formula containing lavender, clary sage, and rose hip to the stomach reduces menstrual cramps in young women with painful menstruation.
- Obesity. Some research shows that taking rose hips powder mixed with apple juice does not affect weight or blood sugar levels in people who are obese. However, rose hip might modestly reduce cholesterol and blood pressure in obese people.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. Early research shows that taking a specific rose hip product (LitoZin/i-flex, HybenVital, Denmark) by mouth improves some symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
- Preventing and treating colds.
- Boosting the immune system.
- Stomach irritations.
- Other conditions.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).
Rose hip is LIKELY SAFE for adults when taken by mouth appropriately. Rose hip is POSSIBLY SAFE when applied to the skin appropriately, short-term.
Rose hip can cause some side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, stomach cramps, fatigue, headache, inability to sleep, and others. Inhaling rose hip dust can cause an allergic reaction in some people.
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD deficiency): Large amounts of the vitamin C in rose hip might increase the risk of complications.
Kidney stones: Large amounts of the vitamin C in rose hop might increase the risk for kidney stones.
Iron-related disorders such as hemochromatosis, thalassemia, or anemia: Use rose hip with caution if you have any of these conditions. The vitamin C in rose hip can increase iron absorption, which could make your condition worse.
Sickle cell disease: It is rare, but the vitamin C in rose hip might make blood more acidic, and this could bring on a sickle cell crisis. It's best to avoid use.
Surgery: Rugosin E, a chemical found in rose hip, might slow blood clotting. There is concern that rose hip might cause bleeding if used before surgery. People taking rose hip should stop at least 2 weeks before surgery.
AluminumInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Aluminum is found in most antacids. Rose hips contain vitamin C. Vitamin C can increase how much aluminum the body absorbs. But it isn't clear if this interaction is a big concern. Take rose hip two hours before or four hours after antacids.
EstrogensInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Rose hip contains a large amount of vitamin C. Vitamin C can increase how much estrogen the body absorbs. Taking rose hip along with estrogen can increase the effects and side effects of estrogens.
Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.
Fluphenazine (Prolixin)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Rose hip contains vitamin C. Large amounts of vitamin C might increase how quickly the body gets rid of fluphenazine (Prolixin). Taking rose hip along with fluphenazine (Prolixin) might decrease the effectiveness of fluphenazine (Prolixin).
LithiumInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Rose hip might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking rose hip might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.
Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Rose hip contains a chemical that might slow blood clotting. Taking rose hip along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.
Warfarin (Coumadin)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. Rose hip contains vitamin C. Large amounts of vitamin C might decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin). Decreasing the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin) might increase the risk of clotting. Be sure to have your blood checked regularly. The dose of your warfarin (Coumadin) might need to be changed.
AspirinInteraction Rating: Minor Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
The body breaks down aspirin to get rid of it. Rose hip contains large amounts of vitamin C. Large amounts of vitamin C might decrease the breakdown of aspirin. Taking large amount of rose hip along with aspirin might increase the effects and side effects of aspirin. Do not take large amounts of vitamin C if you take large amounts of aspirin.
Choline Magnesium Trisalicylate (Trilisate)Interaction Rating: Minor Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Rose hip contains vitamin C. Vitamin C might decrease how quickly the body gets rid of choline magnesium trisalicylate (Trilisate). But it is not clear if this interaction is a big concern.
Salsalate (Disalcid)Interaction Rating: Minor Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Rose hip contains vitamin C. Vitamin C might decrease how quickly the body gets rid of salsalate (Disalcid). Taking rose hip along with salsalate (Disalcid) might increase the effects and side effects of salsalate.
The appropriate dose of rose hip depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for rose hip. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Akkaya, A., Ornek, Z., and Kaleli, S. Occupational asthma, eosinophil and skin prick tests and serum total IgE values of the workers in a plant manufacturing rose oil. Asian Pac.J Allergy Immunol 2004;22(2-3):103-108. View abstract.
Basim, E. and Basim, H. Antibacterial activity of Rosa damascena essential oil. Fitoterapia 2003;74(4):394-396. View abstract.
Biswas, N. R., Gupta, S. K., Das, G. K., Kumar, N., Mongre, P. K., Haldar, D., and Beri, S. Evaluation of Ophthacare eye drops--a herbal formulation in the management of various ophthalmic disorders. Phytother.Res. 2001;15(7):618-620. View abstract.
Cho, E. J., Yokozawa, T., Rhyu, D. Y., Kim, S. C., Shibahara, N., and Park, J. C. Study on the inhibitory effects of Korean medicinal plants and their main compounds on the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(6-7):544-551. View abstract.
Chrubasik, C., Duke, R. K., and Chrubasik, S. The evidence for clinical efficacy of rose hip and seed: a systematic review. Phytother Res 2006;20(1):1-3. View abstract.
Daels-Rakotoarison, D. A., Gressier, B., Trotin, F., Brunet, C., Luyckx, M., Dine, T., Bailleul, F., Cazin, M., and Cazin, J. C. Effects of Rosa canina fruit extract on neutrophil respiratory burst. Phytother.Res. 2002;16(2):157-161. View abstract.
Demir, A. U., Karakaya, G., and Kalyoncu, A. F. Allergy symptoms and IgE immune response to rose: an occupational and an environmental disease. Allergy 2002;57(10):936-939. View abstract.
Dushkin, M. I., Zykov, A. A., and Pivovarova, E. N. [The effect of natural polyphenol compounds on the oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins]. Biull.Eksp.Biol Med 1993;116(10):393-395. View abstract.
Gurbuz, I., Ustun, O., Yesilada, E., Sezik, E., and Kutsal, O. Anti-ulcerogenic activity of some plants used as folk remedy in Turkey. J Ethnopharmacol 2003;88(1):93-97. View abstract.
Hornero-Mendez, D. and Minguez-Mosquera, M. I. Carotenoid pigments in Rosa mosqueta hips, an alternative carotenoid source for foods. J Agric Food Chem 2000;48(3):825-828. View abstract.
Hsieh, T. C., Lu, X., Guo, J., Xiong, W., Kunicki, J., Darzynkiewicz, Z., and Wu, J. M. Effects of herbal preparation Equiguard on hormone-responsive and hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma cells: mechanistic studies. Int.J.Oncol. 2002;20(4):681-689. View abstract.
Janse, van Rensburg, Erasmus, E., Loots, D. T., Oosthuizen, W., Jerling, J. C., Kruger, H. S., Louw, R., Brits, M., and van der Westhuizen, F. H. Rosa roxburghii supplementation in a controlled feeding study increases plasma antioxidant capacity and glutathione redox state. Eur J Nutr 2005;44(7):452-457. View abstract.
Johansson, M. L., Nobaek, S., Berggren, A., Nyman, M., Bjorck, I., Ahrne, S., Jeppsson, B., and Molin, G. Survival of Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 9843 (299v), and effect on the short-chain fatty acid content of faeces after ingestion of a rose-hip drink with fermented oats. Int.J.Food Microbiol. 6-30-1998;42(1-2):29-38. View abstract.
Karakaya, G. and Kalyoncu, A. F. A case of anaphylaxis due to rose pollen ingestion. Allergol.Immunopathol.(Madr.) 2003;31(2):91-93. View abstract.
Kashiwada, Y., Wang, H. K., Nagao, T., Kitanaka, S., Yasuda, I., Fujioka, T., Yamagishi, T., Cosentino, L. M., Kozuka, M., Okabe, H., Ikeshiro, Y., Hu, C. Q., Yeh, E., and Lee, K. H. Anti-AIDS agents. 30. Anti-HIV activity of oleanolic acid, pomolic acid, and structurally related triterpenoids. J Nat Prod 1998;61(9):1090-1095. View abstract.
Kleszczynska, H., Oswiecimska, M., Sarapuk, J., Witek, S., and Przestalski, S. Protective effect of quaternary piperidinium salts on lipid oxidation in the erythrocyte membrane. Z Naturforsch.[C.] 1999;54(5-6):424-428. View abstract.
Kumarasamy, Y., Cox, P. J., Jaspars, M., Nahar, L., and Sarker, S. D. Screening seeds of Scottish plants for antibacterial activity. J Ethnopharmacol 2002;83(1-2):73-77. View abstract.
Larsen, E., Kharazmi, A., Christensen, L. P., and Christensen, S. B. An antiinflammatory galactolipid from rose hip (Rosa canina) that inhibits chemotaxis of human peripheral blood neutrophils in vitro. J.Nat.Prod. 2003;66(7):994-995. View abstract.
Ma, Y. X., Zhu, Y., Wang, C. F., Wang, Z. S., Chen, S. Y., Shen, M. H., Gan, J. M., Zhang, J. G., Gu, Q., and He, L. The aging retarding effect of 'Long-Life CiLi'. Mech.Ageing Dev 1997;96(1-3):171-180. View abstract.
Moreno Gimenez, J. C., Bueno, J., Navas, J., and Camacho, F. [Treatment of skin ulcer using oil of mosqueta rose]. Med Cutan.Ibero.Lat.Am 1990;18(1):63-66. View abstract.
Naruszewicz, M., Johansson, M. L., Zapolska-Downar, D., and Bukowska, H. Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v on cardiovascular disease risk factors in smokers. Am.J Clin.Nutr 2002;76(6):1249-1255. View abstract.
Park, J. C., Kim, S. C., Choi, M. R., Song, S. H., Yoo, E. J., Kim, S. H., Miyashiro, H., and Hattori, M. Anti-HIV protease activity from rosa family plant extracts and rosamultin from Rosa rugosa. J Med Food 2005;8(1):107-109. View abstract.
Rein, E., Kharazmi, A., and Winther, K. A herbal remedy, Hyben Vital (stand. powder of a subspecies of Rosa canina fruits), reduces pain and improves general wellbeing in patients with osteoarthritis--a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial. Phytomedicine. 2004;11(5):383-391. View abstract.
Rein, E., Kharazmi, A., Thamsborg, G., and Winther, K. Herbal remedy made from a subspecies of rose-hip Rosa canina reduces symptoms of knee and hip osteoarthritis. Osteoarthr Cartil 2004;12(Suppl 2):80.
Rossnagel, K. and Willich, S. N. [Value of complementary medicine exemplified by rose-hips]. Gesundheitswesen 2001;63(6):412-416. View abstract.
Shabykin, G. P. and Godorazhi, A. I. [A polyvitamin preparation of fat-soluble vitamins (carotolin) and rose hip oil in the treatment of certain dermatoses]. Vestn.Dermatol.Venerol. 1967;41(4):71-73. View abstract.
Shiota, S., Shimizu, M., Mizusima, T., Ito, H., Hatano, T., Yoshida, T., and Tsuchiya, T. Restoration of effectiveness of beta-lactams on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by tellimagrandin I from rose red. FEMS Microbiol.Lett 4-15-2000;185(2):135-138. View abstract.
Teng, C. M., Kang, Y. F., Chang, Y. L., Ko, F. N., Yang, S. C., and Hsu, F. L. ADP-mimicking platelet aggregation caused by rugosin E, an ellagitannin isolated from Rosa rugosa Thunb. Thromb.Haemost. 1997;77(3):555-561. View abstract.
Trovato, A., Monforte, M. T., Forestieri, A. M., and Pizzimenti, F. In vitro anti-mycotic activity of some medicinal plants containing flavonoids. Boll Chim Farm 2000;139(5):225-227. View abstract.
Unlu, M., Sahin, U., Yariktas, M., Demirci, M., Akkaya, A., Ozturk, M., and Orman, A. Allergic rhinitis in Rosa domescena cultivators: a novel type of occupational allergy? Asian Pac.J Allergy Immunol 2001;19(4):231-235. View abstract.
Venkatesh, R. P., Ramaesh, K., and Browne, B. Rose-hip keratitis. Eye 2005;19(5):595-596. View abstract.
Warholm, O., Skaar, S., Hedman, E., Molmen, H. M., and Eik, L. The effects of a standardized herbal remedy ade from a subtype of Rosa canina in patients with osteoarthritis: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Curr Ther Res 2003;64(1):21-31.
Winther, K. and Kharazmi, A. A powder prepared from seeds and shells of subtype of rose-hip Rosa canina reduces pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the hand - a double blind, placebo-controlled study. Osteoarthr Cartil 2004;12(Suppl 2):145.
Winther, K., Apel, K., and Thamsborg, G. A powder made from seeds and shells of a rose-hip subspecies (Rosa canina) reduces symptoms of knee and hip osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Scand J Rheumatol. 2005;34(4):302-308. View abstract.
Yesilada, E., Ustun, O., Sezik, E., Takaishi, Y., Ono, Y., and Honda, G. Inhibitory effects of Turkish folk remedies on inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha. J Ethnopharmacol. 1997;58(1):59-73. View abstract.
Yoshizawa, Y., Kawaii, S., Urashima, M., Fukase, T., Sato, T., Murofushi, N., and Nishimura, H. Differentiation-inducing effects of small fruit juices on HL-60 leukemic cells. J Agric Food Chem 2000;48(8):3177-3182. View abstract.
Yoshizawa, Y., Kawaii, S., Urashima, M., Fukase, T., Sato, T., Tanaka, R., Murofushi, N., and Nishimura, H. Antiproliferative effects of small fruit juices on several cancer cell lines. Anticancer Res 2000;20(6B):4285-4289. View abstract.
Zhuk, E. A. and Shirinskii, V. S. [The effect of new biologically active substances on effector T-lymphocytes in vitro]. Eksp.Klin Farmakol 1993;56(2):44-47. View abstract.
Ziegler, S. J. Planta Med 1986;52(5):383-387.
Andersson U, Berger K, Hogberg A, et al. Effects of rose hip intake on risk markers of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease: a randomized, double-blind, cross-over investigation in obese persons. Eur J Clin Nutr 2012;66:585-90. View abstract.
Back DJ, Breckenridge AM, MacIver M, et al. Interaction of ethinyloestradiol with ascorbic acid in man. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981;282:1516. View abstract.
Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
Han SH, Hur MH, Buckle J, et al. Effect of aromatherapy on symptoms of dysmenorrhea in college students: A randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Altern Complement Med 2006;12(6):535-41. View abstract.
Hansten PD, Horn JR. Drug Interactions Analysis and Management. Vancouver, WA: Applied Therapeutics Inc., 1997 and updates.
Levine M, Rumsey SC, Daruwala R, et al. Criteria and recommendations for vitamin C intake. JAMA 1999;281:1415-23. View abstract.
Morris JC, Beeley L, Ballantine N. Interaction of ethinyloestradiol with ascorbic acid in man [letter]. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981;283:503. View abstract.
Nobaek S, Johansson ML, Molin G, et al. Alteration of intestinal microflora is associated with reduction in abdominal bloating and pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol 2000;95:1231-8.. View abstract.
Van Steirteghem AC, Robertson EA, Young DS. Influence of large doses of ascorbic acid on laboratory test results. Clin Chem. 1978;24(1):54-7. View abstract.
Willich SN, Rossnagel K, Roll S, et al. Rose hip herbal remedy in patients wth rheumatoid arthritis - a randomised controlled trial. Phytomedicine 2010;17:87-93. View abstract.
Young DS. Effects of Drugs on Clinical Laboratory Tests 4th ed. Washington: AACC Press, 1995.