Doctor's Notes on Rotavirus Infection
Rotavirus infection is the number one cause of severe viral gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea) in the world. Infectious gastroenteritis may be caused either by viruses, bacteria, or fungi. There are four viral families that cause most cases of gastroenteritis. Rotavirus is responsible for the large majority of gastroenteritis illness. After rotavirus, the norovirus is responsible for about one-third of all viral illnesses causing vomiting and diarrhea. Two other types of viruses (adenovirus and astrovirus) each cause a low percentage of intestinal disease. Primary rotavirus infection is very common in children 6 months to 2 years of age.
Symptoms of rotavirus infection include fever, vomiting, and non-bloody diarrhea. In some cases children may have respiratory symptoms (runny nose and cough). Complications of rotavirus infection are rare.
Stomach Pain : Nausea & Other Causes QuizQuestion
Bowel regularity means a bowel movement every day.See Answer
Must Read Articles:
Childhood Immunization Schedule and ChartVaccinations are some of the most important tools available for preventing disease. Most children get all their shots during childhood. Parents should consult their doctors about which vaccines their children should have and when. Keep track of your children's immunizations yourself.
DiarrheaDiarrhea can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, parasites, intestinal diseases or conditions, reactions to medications, and food intolerance or allergies. Symptoms of diarrhea include watery stools, abdominal cramping, fever, and dehydration. Most cases of diarrhea can be treated at home. In some cases (in the elderly, small children, or those with severe or chronic medical conditions) may need to be hospitalized due to dehydration.
Fever (in Adults)A fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Fever in ChildrenFever is defined as a rectal temperature over 100.4 F or 38 C. Fever isn't life-threatening unless it is persistently high - greater than a 107 F rectal temperature. Fever is usually caused by an infection. Treatment focuses on controlling the temperature, preventing dehydration, and monitoring for serious illness.
Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Symptoms, Transmission, Contagious, and CureGastroenteritis (stomach flu) is most commonly caused by viruses and bacteria like Norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, parvovirus, and Astrovirus. Bacteria causing gastroenteritis include Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, salmonella, shigella, Campylobacter, and C. difficile. Other causes may be due to chemical toxins. The stomach flu is contagious because it caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. You get the stomach flu from contaminated food and drinks from poor hygiene (not washing your hands after using the toilet). Common symptoms of the stomach flu are; mild to moderate diarrhea, abdominal cramping, abdominal bloating,and low grade fever. Home remedies to treat the stomach flu include rest and hydration to avoid dehydration. Over-the-counter or prescription medicine may be necessary to treat the signs and symptoms of the stomach flu (gastroenteritis). The stomach flu can be prevented by using proper hygiene when using the bathroom.
Vomiting and NauseaVomiting and nausea are common complaints that accompany many conditions and diseases. A few common causes of vomiting and nausea include food poisoning, viruses, vertigo, head injuries, gallbladder disease, appendicitis, migraine, brain tumors, and infections. Treatment of vomiting and nausea depend on the cause of the symptoms.
What Is the Quickest Way to Get Rid of a Stomach Bug?Viral gastroenteritis, sometimes called a “stomach bug” or the “stomach flu” is a viral infection of the stomach and intestines that can cause diarrhea and vomiting. While medical treatment is often not needed, there may be ways you can help relieve symptoms more quickly.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.