Font Size

How Common Is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

How Common Is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) develops over many years (sometimes 10 to 30 years) and is most commonly diagnosed in people older than 60. Because of this, COPD generally is considered a disease of older adults. COPD is sometimes called chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) or chronic airflow obstruction (CAO).

In the United States:1

  • About 10 million people have been diagnosed with some form of COPD, and as many as 24 million more may be undiagnosed.
  • COPD is the fourth most common cause of death.

COPD is also a major cause of disability and death worldwide.1 The World Health Organization estimates that by 2020, COPD will become the third most common cause of death worldwide.2

The disease is more common in:

  • Smokers. Most people with COPD have a history of significant cigarette use.1
  • Older adults than younger people.

Men and women are affected equally. Some studies suggest that women are more susceptible than men to the effects of tobacco smoke.3 COPD symptoms develop in at least 10% to 15% of long-term smokers, and some studies indicate that up to 50% of long-term smokers older than age 45 develop COPD.4



  1. Senior RM, Silverman EK (2007). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In DC Dale, DD Federman, eds., ACP Medicine, section 14, chap. 22. New York: WebMD.

  2. Calverley PW (2003). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lancet, 362: 1053–1061.

  3. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (2009). In Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Available online:

  4. Lundbäck B, et al. (2003). Not 15 but 50% of smokers develop COPD?—Report from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden Studies. Respiratory Medicine, 97(2): 115–122.


ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerKen Y. Yoneda, MD - Pulmonology
Last RevisedNovember 29, 2011

eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

To learn more visit

© 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

Medical Dictionary