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Medical Definition of Zoonotic

Zoonotic: Pertaining to a zoonosis: a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans. There are multitudes of zoonotic diseases.

Some examples include:

  • anthrax
  • ascariasis
  • brucellosis
  • plague
  • echinococcosis
  • Lassa fever
  • listeriosis
  • Lyme disease
  • monkeypox
  • psittacosis
  • rabies
  • salmonellosis
  • trichinosis
  • toxoplasmosis
  • typhus and
  • West Nile fever

Zoonoses may appear suddenly and be relatively virulent, as illustrated by HIV which ignited the AIDS epidemic and the coronavirus responsible for the outbreak of SARS.

Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
Last Editorial Review: 5/13/2016

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