By Troy Brown, RN
WebMD Health News
April 06, 2017
Among US adults aged 18 to 69 years, 42.5% are infected with a genital human papillomavirus (HPV) and 7.3% are infected with an oral HPV, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported today.
Moreover, the prevalence of oral and genital HPV infection was higher in men than women in two recent national surveys.
Geraldine McQuillan, PhD, from the National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, CDC, in Atlanta, Georgia, and colleagues report their findings online April 6 in a National Center for Health Statistics data brief.
Dr McQullan and colleagues based the new prevalence estimates for oral and genital HPV on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 to 2014 and NHANES 2013 to 2014, respectively. The researchers estimates cover any HPV (37 types tested) and high-risk HPV (14 of the 37 types).
The researchers caution that these data "provide conservative estimates" as "NHANES does not include populations that may be considered at higher risk for HPV (i.e., those institutionalized, incarcerated, in nonhospital-based long-term care facilities, injection-drug using, and homeless, among others)."
Oral HPV Prevalence Higher in Men than Women
During 2011 to 2014, the prevalence of any and high-risk oral HPV among adults aged 18 to 69 years was 7.3% and 4.0%, respectively. Prevalence of both any and high-risk oral HPV was lowest among non-Hispanic Asian adults and prevalence of any oral HPV was highest among non-Hispanic black adults.
The prevalence of any oral HPV was 11.5% among men and 3.3% among women. Men had a significantly higher prevalence of high-risk oral HPV than women in every race, except Asian adults. A previous NHANES study, 2009 to 2010, also reported a higher prevalence among men than women.
Genital HPV Prevalence Near 50 Percent
The 2013 to 2014 NHANES survey showed that the prevalence of any genital HPV was 42.5% in the total population, 45.2% among men, and 39.9% among women. The prevalence of high-risk genital HPV was 22.7% in the total population, 25.1% among men, and 20.4% among women.
Prevalence of any genital HPV was higher among men than women overall, as well as among non-Hispanic white adults and non-Hispanic black adults.
The prevalence of both any and high-risk genital HPV was lowest among non-Hispanic Asian adults, whereas the prevalence was highest among non-Hispanic black adults.