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CDC Confirms First U.S. Swine Flu Death

22-Month-Old Child in Texas Has Died of Swine Flu

By Miranda Hitti
WebMD Health News

Reviewed By Louise Chang, MD

April 29, 2009 -- The CDC today confirmed the first fatality in the U.S. from swine flu -- a 22-month-old Mexican boy who died in Texas.

"I can confirm very sad news coming out of Texas that a child has died from the H1N1 virus," Richard Besser, MD, acting director of the CDC, said in an interview with CNN. "As a parent and a pediatrician, my heart goes out to the family."

The boy who died was from Mexico City and had several underlying health problems, according to the Texas Department of State Health Services. He had developed a fever on April 8, followed by other flu-like symptoms. At the time, he and his family were in Texas visiting relatives. The boy was admitted to a hospital in Brownsville before being transferred to a Houston-area hospital, where he died.

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H1N1 Swine Flu

Until now, swine flu cases in the U.S. have been relatively mild compared to cases in Mexico. But health officials have been saying for days that that could change.

"As I've been saying for the past few days, flu is a very serious infection and each virus is unique, and so it's hard to know what we're going to be seeing. But given what we've seen in Mexico, we have expected that we would see more severe infections and we would see deaths, and we've confirmed the first death in this country," Besser told CNN this morning.

Besser said the CDC is not changing its recommendations about reducing the risk of catching swine flu. Those recommendations include:

  • Washing your hands with soap and water, or using an alcohol-based hand gel if soap is not available.
  • Avoiding close contact with sick people.
  • Not touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Staying home if you are ill.
  • Covering your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze and throwing the tissue in the trash afterward, then washing your hands.

If you have flu-like symptoms, Besser recommends calling your doctor and asking if you should come in. But if you have severe symptoms, you should seek medical attention, especially if you have recently been to an area with confirmed cases of swine flu.

As of yesterday, the CDC had reports of 64 lab-confirmed cases of swine flu in California, Kansas, New York City, Ohio, and Texas.

Because the CDC is updating its tally once a day, yesterday's CDC figure does not include another confirmed case in California and one in Indiana; those two cases would put the figure at 66 people with lab-confirmed swine flu in the U.S.

"Thankfully, the majority of cases we have seen so far have not gone to the more severe form, but we have to watch for that, and we're looking very aggressively around the country for those cases and implementing control measures."

Normal seasonal flu can also be deadly. An average of 36,000 people in the U.S. die of flu or flu-related causes in a typical flu season.

SOURCES: CNN interview with Richard Besser, MD, acting director, CDC. News release, Texas Department of State Health Services.

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