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Seizures Emergencies (cont.)

Seizures Emergencies Treatment

Emergency treatment usually involves IV (or oral medication in some people) medication such as lorazepam; other drugs may also be utilized with this drug type (phenytoin or fosphenytoin). Treatment is needed to begin soon as continual seizures lasting 20-30 min. may result in damage to the brain. Once seizures are controlled, the underlying cause is sought. Additional medications depend on the underlying causes and the recommendations from a neurologist.

Seizures Emergencies Self-Care at Home

Home care is appropriate when a person is known to have seizures, if the seizure is brief, and if the person recovers uneventfully. Usually, the patient is being treated by a neurologist and that doctor may need to be notified. However, there are some suggestions that may help prevent injuries associated with seizures as follows:

  • Prevent injuries.
  • Cushion the head.
  • Loosen any tight neckwear.
  • Turn the person on his or her side after the convulsion ceases. This may help drain any moisture or secretions from the person's mouth and prevent chocking or aspiration.
  • Do not attempt to hold down or restrain the person.
  • Do not place anything in the person's mouth or try to pry the teeth apart.
  • Observe these items: length of seizure, type of movements, direction of any head or eye turning, amount of time to return to alertness and full consciousness.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/12/2016
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