Symptoms and Signs of Seizures in Children Causes, Symptoms, Types, and Treatment

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Medically Reviewed on 3/20/2019

Doctor's Notes on Seizures in Children Causes, Symptoms, Types, and Treatment

Seizures represent abnormal brain activity that leads to a change in movement, focus or attention, or level of awareness. There are different kinds of seizures in children that can occur in different parts of the brain. Many conditions can cause seizures in children, and some examples include fever, infections such as meningitis or encephalitis, neurological or developmental problems, or head trauma.

Effects of seizures may be localized (affecting only part of the body) or widespread (affecting the whole body). Associated symptoms and signs depend on the exact location of the brain that is involved but can include convulsions, loss of awareness, staring or blinking, muscle spasms, repetitive movements, rolling eyes, and rhythmic jerking. The child may be confused after the seizure and may not remember the event.


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.