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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) (cont.)

What Are SARS Risk Factors?

SARS risk factors include exposure to someone who's infected with the virus or to individuals traveling in an area where an outbreak of SARS is occurring. Other risk factors include male gender and individuals with other medical problems such as diabetes and chronic hepatitis B. Health-care workers who were exposed to SARS patients in the past outbreaks are also at increased risk of contracting the disease.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of SARS?

Symptoms of SARS can be similar to those of other viral infections. The first symptoms begin two to seven days after exposure and include one or more of the following:

  • Fever (temperature of more than 100.4 F)
  • Headache
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Muscle aches and pain
  • Malaise (a feeling of general discomfort)
  • Decreased appetite
  • Diarrhea

Respiratory symptoms develop three or more days after exposure. Respiratory symptoms include one of more of the following:

By day seven to 10 of the illness, almost all patients with laboratory evidence of SARS infection have pneumonia that could be detected in the lungs on X-ray films. Respiratory distress occurs in some patients. This symptom is a concern for the patient and the doctors because it suggests the disease is becoming more severe.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/21/2017

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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) »

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a serious, potentially life-threatening viral infection caused by a previously unrecognized virus from the Coronaviridae family.

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