©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Shiitake Mushroom

What other names is Shiitake Mushroom known by?

Champignon Noir, Champignon Parfumé, Champignon Shiitake, Champignons Shiitake, Forest Mushroom, Hongos Shiitake, Hua Gu, Lenticus edodes, Lentin, Lentin des Chênes, Lentin du Chêne, Lentinan edodes, Lentinula, Lentinula edodes, Lentinus edodes, Mushroom, Pasania Fungus, Shitake, Shiitake, Snake Butter, Tricholomopsis edodes.

What is Shiitake Mushroom?

Shiitake mushroom is a fungus. An extract made from this mushroom is used as medicine.

Shiitake mushroom is used for boosting the immune system, lowering blood cholesterol levels, treating prostate cancer, and as an anti-aging agent.

Shiitake mushroom is also eaten as food.

Possibly Ineffective for...

  • Prostate cancer. Shiitake mushroom extract does not seem to stop prostate cancer from advancing, at least according to a laboratory test that measures prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. PSA levels can be used to measure the progress of prostate cancer.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of shiitake mushroom for these uses.

How does Shiitake Mushroom work?

Shiitake mushroom contains chemicals that might help lower cholesterol levels. It also contains very small amounts of a chemical that seems to keep tumors from getting bigger.

Are there safety concerns?

Shiitake mushroom is LIKELY SAFE when consumed by mouth in food amounts, but it seems POSSIBLY UNSAFE to take by mouth in medicinal amounts. It can cause stomach discomfort, blood abnormalities, and skin swelling (inflammation). It might also cause an increased sensitivity to the sun, allergic skin reactions, and breathing problems.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking shiitake mushroom if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

“Auto-immune diseases” such as multiple sclerosis (MS), lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), or other conditions: Shiitake mushroom might cause the immune system to become more active. This could increase the symptoms of auto-immune diseases. If you have one of these conditions, it's best to avoid using shiitake mushroom.

A blood disorder called eosinophilia: Don't use shiitake mushroom if you have this condition. It might make eosinophilia worse.

SLIDESHOW

Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

Are there any interactions with medications?


Medications that decrease the immune system (Immunosuppressants)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Shiitake mushroom seems to increase the immune system. By increasing the immune system, shiitake mushroom might decrease the effectiveness of medications that decrease immune system function.

Some medications that decrease immune system function include azathioprine (Imuran), basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune), daclizumab (Zenapax), muromonab-CD3 (OKT3, Orthoclone OKT3), mycophenolate (CellCept), tacrolimus (FK506, Prograf), sirolimus (Rapamune), prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone), corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), and others.

Dosing considerations for Shiitake Mushroom.

The appropriate dose of shiitake mushroom depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for shiitake mushroom. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

Reviewed on 9/17/2019
References

Abrams, D., Greco, M., Wong, R., Goosby, E., Gorter, R., Gordon, M., Guralnik, M., and Kaneko, Y. Results of a phase I/II placebo-controlled dose finding pilot study of lentinan in patients with HIV infection. Int Conf AIDS 1990;6:207.

Akamatsu, S., Watanabe, A., Tamesada, M., Nakamura, R., Hayashi, S., Kodama, D., Kawase, M., and Yagi, K. Hepatoprotective effect of extracts from Lentinus edodes mycelia on dimethylnitrosamine-induced liver injury. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27(12):1957-1960. View abstract.

Akimoto, M., Nishihira, T., and Kasai, M. [Modulation of the anti-tumor effect of BRM under various nutritional or endocrine conditions]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1986;13(4 Pt 2):1270-1276. View abstract.

Akimoto, M., Nishihira, T., and Mori, S. [Modulation of anticancer effects of immunochemotherapeutic agents in various nutritional environments]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1988;15(4 Pt 2-1):827-833. View abstract.

Amino, M., Noguchi, R., Yata, J., Matsumura, J., Hirayama, R., Abe, O., Enomoto, K., and Asato, Y. [Studies on the effect of lentinan on human immune system. II. In vivo effect on NK activity, MLR induced killer activity and PHA induced blastic response of lymphocytes in cancer patients]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1983;10(9):2000-2006. View abstract.

Arinaga, S., Karimine, N., Takamuku, K., Nanbara, S., Nagamatsu, M., Ueo, H., and Akiyoshi, T. Enhanced production of interleukin 1 and tumor necrosis factor by peripheral monocytes after lentinan administration in patients with gastric carcinoma. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1992;14(1):43-47. View abstract.

Chihara, G., Hamuro, J., Maeda, Y., Arai, Y., and Fukuoka, F. Fractionation and purification of the polysaccharides with marked antitumor activity, especially lentinan, from Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing. (an edible mushroom). Cancer Res 1970;30(11):2776-2781. View abstract.

Collopy, P. D. and Royse, D. J. Characterization of phytase activity from cultivated edible mushrooms and their production substrates. J Agric.Food Chem 12-15-2004;52(25):7518-7524. View abstract.

Curnow, P. and Tam, M. Contact dermatitis to Shiitake mushroom. Australas.J.Dermatol. 2003;44(2):155-157. View abstract.

Drandarska, I., Kussovski, V., Nikolaeva, S., and Markova, N. Combined immunomodulating effects of BCG and Lentinan after intranasal application in guinea pigs. Int Immunopharmacol. 2005;5(4):795-803. View abstract.

Enman, J., Rova, U., and Berglund, K. A. Quantification of the bioactive compound eritadenine in selected strains of shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes). J Agric Food Chem 2-21-2007;55(4):1177-1180. View abstract.

Feher, J., Chihara, G., Vallent, K., Deak, G., Blazovics, A., Gergely, P., and Kaneko, Y. Effect of lentinan on superoxide dismutase enzyme activity in vitro. Immunopharmacol.Immunotoxicol. 1989;11(1):55-61. View abstract.

Fruehauf, J. P., Bonnard, G. D., and Herberman, R. B. The effect of lentinan on production of interleukin-1 by human monocytes. Immunopharmacology 1982;5(1):65-74. View abstract.

Fujiwara, K., Sato, T., Yonei, T., Genba, K., Nogami, N., and Yamadori, I. [A case of chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis induced by shiitake mushroom spores]. Nihon Kokyuki.Gakkai Zasshi 2000;38(12):908-913. View abstract.

Gu, Y. H. and Belury, M. A. Selective induction of apoptosis in murine skin carcinoma cells (CH72) by an ethanol extract of Lentinula edodes. Cancer Lett 3-18-2005;220(1):21-28. View abstract.

Guo, F. C., Kwakkel, R. P., Williams, B. A., Parmentier, H. K., Li, W. K., Yang, Z. Q., and Verstegen, M. W. Effects of mushroom and herb polysaccharides on cellular and humoral immune responses of Eimeria tenella-infected chickens. Poult.Sci 2004;83(7):1124-1132. View abstract.

Haas, N., Vogt, R., and Sterry, W. [Shiitake dermatitis: flagellate dermatitis after eating mushrooms]. Hautarzt 2001;52(2):132-135. View abstract.

Hamano, K., Gohra, H., Katoh, T., Fujimura, Y., Zempo, N., and Esato, K. The preoperative administration of lentinan ameliorated the impairment of natural killer activity after cardiopulmonary bypass. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1999;21(8):531-540. View abstract.

Hamuro, J. [Anticancer immunotherapy with perorally effective lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2005;32(8):1209-1215. View abstract.

Hanaue, H., Tokuda, Y., Machimura, T., Kamijoh, A., Kondo, Y., Ogoshi, K., Makuuchi, H., Nakasaki, H., Tajima, T., Mitomi, T., and . Effects of oral lentinan on T-cell subsets in peripheral venous blood. Clin Ther 1989;11(5):614-622. View abstract.

Hatvani, N. Antibacterial effect of the culture fluid of Lentinus edodes mycelium grown in submerged liquid culture. Int.J.Antimicrob.Agents 2001;17(1):71-74. View abstract.

Hazama, S., Oka, M., Yoshino, S., Iizuka, N., Wadamori, K., Yamamoto, K., Hirazawa, K., Wang, F., Ogura, Y., Masaki, Y., and . [Clinical effects and immunological analysis of intraabdominal and intrapleural injection of lentinan for malignant ascites and pleural effusion of gastric carcinoma]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1995;22(11):1595-1597. View abstract.

Herlyn, D., Kaneko, Y., Powe, J., Aoki, T., and Koprowski, H. Monoclonal antibody-dependent murine macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity against human tumors is stimulated by lentinan. Jpn.J.Cancer Res. 1985;76(1):37-42. View abstract.

Hibino, Y., Konishi, Y., Koike, J., Tabata, T., Ohashi, Y., and Sugano, N. Productions of interferon-gamma and nitrite are induced in mouse splenic cells by a heteroglycan-protein fraction from culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia. Immunopharmacology 1994;28(1):77-85. View abstract.

Hokama, Y. and Hokama, J. L. In vitro inhibition of platelet aggregation with low dalton compounds from aqueous dialysates of edible fungi. Res.Commun.Chem.Pathol.Pharmacol 1981;31(1):177-180. View abstract.

Horiguchi, M., Saito, A., and Sonoda, H. [A gastric cancer showing marked improvement (stage IV) with lentinan immunotherapy and 5-FU, MMC-chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1988;15(6):1973-1977. View abstract.

Hyry, H. and Kariniemi, A. L. [Shiitake dermatitis: shiitake mushrooms must be cooked before their use]. Duodecim 1998;114(6):555-557. View abstract.

Imaki, M., Miyoshi, T., Fujii, M., Kojima, T., Tada, T., Sei, M., Takahashi, H., Yamasaki, R., Fujita, H., Oogimoto, S., and . [Study on digestibility and energy availability of daily food intake (Part 4. Shiitake mushroom)]. Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi 1991;46(4):905-912. View abstract.

Inagaki, T., Morise, K., and Matsunaga, H. [Effects of endoscopic intratumoral injection of lentinan in patients with gastric cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1988;15(2):319-324. View abstract.

Ishibashi, H., Hirakawa, K., Nakajima, H., Ioka, J., Shirono, K., Tanabe, S., Ochiai, K., Tomita, K., and Kitagawa, Y. [A case of gastric cancer with peritonitis carcinomatosa which improved upon oral administration of UFT, mitomycin C and lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1987;14(9):2787-2791. View abstract.

Jones, K. Shiitake: A Major Medicinal Mushroom. Alternative and Complementary Therapies 1998;4(1):53-59.

Kan, N., Kodama, H., Hori, T., Takenaka, A., Yasumura, T., Kato, H., Ogawa, H., Ohsumi, K., Kudo, N., Mukaihara, S., and . [Intrapleural treatment of breast cancer patients with pleural effusions: an analysis of 13 institutes in Kyoto and Shiga Prefectures. Kyoto and Shiga Breast Cancer Study Group]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1992;19(10 Suppl):1632-1635. View abstract.

Kosaka, A., Wani, T., Hattori, Y., and Yamashita, A. [Effect of lentinan administration of adrenalectomized rats and patients with breast cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1982;9(8):1474-1481. View abstract.

Kunitomo, K., Kawahito, M., Miura, M., and Komi, N. [Combination therapy with lentinan, mitomycin c, 5-fluorouracil and radiation--a case of long-term survival of pancreas cancer after palliative surgery]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1987;14(5 Pt 1):1342-1344. View abstract.

Kuznetsov, O. I., Mil'kova, E. V., Sosnina, A. E., and Sotnikova, N. I. [Antimicrobial action of Lentinus edodes juice on human microflora]. Zh.Mikrobiol.Epidemiol.Immunobiol. 2005;(1):80-82. View abstract.

Ladanyi, A., Timar, J., and Lapis, K. Effect of lentinan on macrophage cytotoxicity against metastatic tumor cells. Cancer Immunol.Immunother. 1993;36(2):123-126. View abstract.

Li, J. F., Guo, J. W., and Huang, X. F. [Study on the enhancing effect of polyporus polysaccharide, mycobacterium polysaccharide and lentinan on lymphokine-activated killer cell activity in vitro]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 1996;16(4):224-226. View abstract.

Lippert, U., Martin, V., Schwertfeger, C., Junghans, V., Ellinghaus, B., and Fuchs, T. Shiitake dermatitis. Br.J Dermatol. 2003;148(1):178-179. View abstract.

Liu, M., Li, J., Kong, F., Lin, J., and Gao, Y. Induction of immunomodulating cytokines by a new polysaccharide-peptide complex from culture mycelia of Lentinus edodes. Immunopharmacology 1998;40(3):187-198. View abstract.

Lobanok, A. G., Babitskaia, V. G., Plenina, L. V., Puchkova, T. A., and Osadchaia, O. V. [Composition and biological activity of submerged mycelium of the xylotrophic basidiomycete Lentinus edodes]. Prikl.Biokhim.Mikrobiol. 2003;39(1):69-73. View abstract.

Maekawa, S., Saku, M., Kinugasa, T., Yoshida, Y., Ikejiri, K., and Yakabe, S. [A case report of advanced gastric cancer remarkably responding to mitomycin C, aclacinomycin A, SF-SP and lentinan combination therapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1990;17(1):137-140. View abstract.

Maier, T. and Herzinger, T. [Linear dermatitis due to shiitake mushrooms]. Hautarzt 2007;58(12):1021-1022. View abstract.

Mak, R. K. and Wakelin, S. H. Shiitake dermatitis: the first case reported from a European country. Br J Dermatol 2006;154(4):800-801. View abstract.

Mashiko, H., Satoh, J., Hatayama, H., and Kitamura, H. [A case of advanced gastric cancer with liver metastasis completely responding to a combined immunochemotherapy with UFT, mitomycin C and lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1992;19(5):715-718. View abstract.

Mason, D. J., Sykes, M. D., Panton, S. W., and Rippon, E. H. Determination of naturally-occurring formaldehyde in raw and cooked Shiitake mushrooms by spectrophotometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Food Addit.Contam 2004;21(11):1071-1082. View abstract.

Matsuoka, H., Yano, K., Seo, Y., Saito, T., Tomoda, H., and Tsurumoto, S. Usefulness of lymphocyte subset change as an indicator for predicting survival time and effectiveness of treatment with the immunopotentiator lentinan. Anticancer Res. 1995;15(5B):2291-2296. View abstract.

Mio, H. and Terabe, K. [Clinical effects of postoperative immunochemotherapy with a combination of 5-FU, CDDP and lentinan for stage IVb gastric carcinoma and long-term pharmacokinetic studies on CDDP and 5-FU]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1997;24(3):337-342. View abstract.

Mio, H. and Terabe, K. [Postoperative immunochemotherapy for gastric carcinoma with peritoneal dissemination--the effects with the combination of CDDP, 5-FU and lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1994;21(4):531-534. View abstract.

Miyakoshi, H. and Aoki, T. Acting mechanisms of Lentinan in human--I. Augmentation of DNA synthesis and immunoglobulin production of peripheral mononuclear cells. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1984;6(4):365-371. View abstract.

Miyakoshi, H., Aoki, T., and Mizukoshi, M. Acting mechanisms of Lentinan in human--II. Enhancement of non-specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity as an interferon inducer. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1984;6(4):373-379. View abstract.

Miyamoto, K., Inagaki, Y., and Miyairi, M. [Successful therapy with tegafur and lentinan after TAE for hepatocellular carcinoma--a case report]. Nippon Gan Chiryo Gakkai Shi 12-20-1989;24(11):2624-2628. View abstract.

Mizoguchi, Y., Katoh, H., Kobayashi, K., Yamamoto, S., and Morisawa, S. Protection of liver cells against experimental damage by extract of cultured Lentinus edodes mycelia (LEM). Gastroenterol.Jpn. 1987;22(4):459-464. View abstract.

Mizuno, T. Shiitake, Lentinus edodes: functional properties for medicinal and food purposes. Food Rev.Int. 1995;11:111-128.

Morinaga, H., Tazawa, K., Tagoh, H., Muraguchi, A., and Fujimaki, M. An in vivo study of hepatic and splenic interleukin-1 beta mRNA expression following oral PSK or LEM administration. Jpn.J Cancer Res 1994;85(12):1298-1303. View abstract.

Nagahashi, S., Suzuki, H., Nishiwaki, M., Okuda, K., Kurosawa, Y., Terada, S., Sugihara, T., Andou, K., and Hibi, T. [TS-1/CDDP/Lentinan combination chemotherapy for inoperable advanced gastric cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2004;31(12):1999-2003. View abstract.

Nakamura, T. and Kobayashi, A. [Toxicodermia cause by the edible mushroom shiitake (Lentinus edodes)]. Hautarzt 1985;36(10):591-593. View abstract.

Nakano, H., Namatame, K., Nemoto, H., Motohashi, H., Nishiyama, K., and Kumada, K. A multi-institutional prospective study of lentinan in advanced gastric cancer patients with unresectable and recurrent diseases: effect on prolongation of survival and improvement of quality of life. Kanagawa Lentinan Research Group. Hepatogastroenterology 1999;46(28):2662-2668. View abstract.

Nakano, H., Namatame, K., Nemoto, H., Motohashi, H., Nishiyama, K., and Kumada, K. A multi-institutional prospective study of lentinan in advanced gastric cancer patients with unresectable and recurrent diseases: effect on prolongation of survival and improvement of quality of life. Kanagawa Lentinan Research Group. Hepatogastroenterology 1999;46(28):2662-2668. View abstract.

Nakayama, H., Aoki, N., Hayashi, S., Wakabayashi, K., Karube, H., Ogame, H., Aoki, H., Sakamoto, N., Masuda, H., and Hemmi, A. [A case of long survival with UFT and lentinan treatment in a patient with peritoneal metastasis of gastric carcinoma]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2004;31(2):241-243. View abstract.

Nanba, H., Mori, K., Toyomasu, T., and Kuroda, H. Antitumor action of shiitake (Lentinus edodes) fruit bodies orally administered to mice. Chem Pharm Bull.(Tokyo) 1987;35(6):2453-2458. View abstract.

Ng, M. L. and Yap, A. T. Inhibition of human colon carcinoma development by lentinan from shiitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes). J Altern.Complement Med. 2002;8(5):581-589. View abstract.

Ngai, P. H. and Ng, T. B. Lentin, a novel and potent antifungal protein from shitake mushroom with inhibitory effects on activity of human immunodeficiency virus-1 reverse transcriptase and proliferation of leukemia cells. Life Sci 11-14-2003;73(26):3363-3374. View abstract.

Nimura, H., Mitsumori, N., Takahashi, N., Kashimura, H., Takayama, S., Kashiwagi, H., and Yanaga, K. [S-1 combined with lentinan in patients with unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2006;33 Suppl 1:106-109. View abstract.

Nimura, H., Mitsumori, N., Tsukagoshi, S., Nakajima, M., Atomi, Y., Suzuki, S., Kusano, M., Yoshiyuki, T., and Tokunaga, A. [Pilot study of TS-1 combined with lentinan in patients with unresectable or recurrent advanced gastric cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2003;30(9):1289-1296. View abstract.

Ning, J., Zhang, W., Yi, Y., Yang, G., Wu, Z., Yi, J., and Kong, F. Synthesis of beta-(1-->6)-branched beta-(1-->3) glucohexaose and its analogues containing an alpha-(1-->3) linked bond with antitumor activity. Bioorg.Med Chem 5-15-2003;11(10):2193-2203. View abstract.

Oka, M., Hazama, S., Suzuki, M., Wang, F., Wadamori, K., Iizuka, N., Takeda, S., Akitomi, Y., Ohba, Y., Kajiwara, K., Suga, T., and Suzuki, T. In vitro and in vivo analysis of human leukocyte binding by the antitumor polysaccharide, lentinan. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1996;18(3):211-216. View abstract.

Oka, M., Yoshino, S., Hazama, S., Shimoda, K., and Suzuki, T. Immunological analysis and clinical effects of intraabdominal and intrapleural injection of lentinan for malignant ascites and pleural effusion. Biotherapy 1992;5(2):107-112. View abstract.

Okamoto, T., Kodoi, R., Nonaka, Y., Fukuda, I., Hashimoto, T., Kanazawa, K., Mizuno, M., and Ashida, H. Lentinan from shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) suppresses expression of cytochrome P450 1A subfamily in the mouse liver. Biofactors 2004;21(1-4):407-409. View abstract.

Okuyama, K., Isono, K., Satoh, H., Onoda, S., Ochiai, T., Hayashi, R., Tohnosu, N., Yamamoto, Y., Chin, F., Kimura, M., Ryu, M., Kohzu, T., Odaka, M., and Satoh, H. [Effect of continuous intra-arterial infusion therapy with BLM-MMC-lentinan (B-M-L) in treating patients with hepatic metastases of esophageal cancer]. Nippon Gan Chiryo Gakkai Shi 10-20-1982;17(7):1895-1901. View abstract.

Peter, G., Karoly, V., Imre, B., Janos, F., and Kaneko, Y. Effects of lentinan on cytotoxic functions of human lymphocytes. Immunopharmacol.Immunotoxicol. 1988;10(2):157-163. View abstract.

Sakamaki, S., Kohgo, Y., Suzuki, M., Ogiwara, R., Suga, T., Kondo, N., Izawa, M., Kanisawa, Y., and Niitsu, Y. Individual diversity of IL-6 generation by human monocytes with lentinan administration. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1993;15(6):751-756. View abstract.

Sano, T., Nomura, K., Adachi, M., and Kobori, O. [An advanced gastric carcinoma which responded to combined administration of mitomycin C, FT-207, and lentinan immunochemotherapy]. Gan No Rinsho 1990;36(1):97-100. View abstract.

Sastre, J., Ibanez, M. D., Lopez, M., and Lehrer, S. B. Respiratory and immunological reactions among Shiitake (Lentinus edodes) mushroom workers. Clin.Exp.Allergy 1990;20(1):13-19. View abstract.

Shimizu, H., Inoue, M., Shimizu, C., Saito, J., Ueda, G., and Tanizawa, O. Augmentation of antitumor effect of recombinant interleukin-2 activated killer cells by the administration of rIL-2 and lentinan. Nippon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi 1988;40(12):1899-1900. View abstract.

Shimizu, Y., Chen, J. T., Hirai, Y., Shiokawa, S., Yagi, H., Katase, K., Yamashiro, T., Nakayama, K., Teshima, H., Hamada, T., and . Augmentative effect of lentinan on immune responses of pelvic lymph node lymphocytes in patients with uterine cervical cancer. Nippon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi 1988;40(10):1557-1558. View abstract.

Shimizu, Y., Chen, J. T., Shiokawa, S., Nakayama, K., Yokosuka, K., Teshima, H., Hirai, Y., Hamada, T., Yamauchi, K., Fujimoto, I., and . [Antigenic phenotype of the lymphocytic component of regional lymph nodes in patients with cervical cancer and its modulation by lentinan]. Nippon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi 1990;42(1):37-44. View abstract.

Shimizu, Y., Hasumi, K., Chen, J. T., Hirai, Y., Nakayama, K., Teshima, H., Hamada, T., Fujimoto, I., Yamauchi, K., and Masubuchi, K. [Successful treatment of a patient with recurrent ovarian cancer by lentinan combined with intraarterial 5FU]. Nippon Gan Chiryo Gakkai Shi 3-20-1989;24(3):647-651. View abstract.

Sia, G. M. and Candlish, J. K. Effects of shiitake (Lentinus edodes) extract on human neutrophils and the U937 monocytic cell line. Phytother.Res. 1999;13(2):133-137. View abstract.

Sipka, S., Abel, G., Csongor, J., Chihara, G., and Fachet, J. Effect of lentinan on the chemiluminescence produced by human neutrophils and the murine macrophage cell line C4M phi. Int.J.Immunopharmacol. 1985;7(5):747-751. View abstract.

Spierings, E. L., Fujii, H., Sun, B., and Walshe, T. A Phase I study of the safety of the nutritional supplement, active hexose correlated compound, AHCC, in healthy volunteers. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol.(Tokyo) 2007;53(6):536-539. View abstract.

Suga, T., Shiio, T., Maeda, Y. Y., and Chihara, G. Antitumor activity of lentinan in murine syngeneic and autochthonous hosts and its suppressive effect on 3-methylcholanthrene-induced carcinogenesis. Cancer Res 1984;44(11):5132-5137. View abstract.

Sugiyama, K., Akachi, T., and Yamakawa, A. Hypocholesterolemic action of eritadenine is mediated by a modification of hepatic phospholipid metabolism in rats. J Nutr 1995;125(8):2134-2144. View abstract.

Suzuki, H., Iiyama, K., Yoshida, O., Yamazaki, S., Yamamoto, N., and Toda, S. Structural characterization of the immunoactive and antiviral water-solubilized lignin in an extract of the culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia (LEM). Agric.Biol Chem 1990;54(2):479-487. View abstract.

Taguchi, T. [Effects of lentinan in advanced or recurrent cases of gastric, colorectal, and breast cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1983;10(2 Pt 2):387-393. View abstract.

Taguchi, T., Furue, H., Kimura, T., Kondo, T., Hattori, T., Itoh, I., and Ogawa, N. [Results of phase III study of lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1985;12(2):366-378. View abstract.

Takahashi, T., Hori, Y., Isogawa, S., Saho, M., Yoshida, H., Yokoyama, K., Watanabe, M., and Nakagawa, S. [A case of hepatocellular carcinoma in an elderly patient that improved upon combination therapy of Lentinan and Tegafur]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1990;17(8 Pt 1):1517-1519. View abstract.

Takashima, K., Izumi, K., Iwai, H., and Takeyama, S. The hypocholesterolemic action of eritadenine in the rat. Atherosclerosis 1973;17(3):491-502. View abstract.

Takashima, K., Sato, C., Sasaki, Y., Morita, T., and Takeyama, S. Effect of eritadenine on cholesterol metabolism in the rat. Biochem Pharmacol 1-15-1974;23(2):433-438. View abstract.

Takemura, T., Takahashi, S., Yoshikawa, T., and Kondo, M. [A case of advanced gastric cancer (type 3) with pyloric stenosis, multiple liver and lymph node metastases responding to UFT-E granules and lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2000;27(1):107-111. View abstract.

Takeshita, K., Hayashi, S., Tani, M., Kando, F., Saito, N., and Endo, M. Monocyte function associated with intermittent lentinan therapy after resection of gastric cancer. Surg.Oncol. 1996;5(1):23-28. View abstract.

Takeshita, K., Saito, N., Sato, Y., Maruyama, M., Sunagawa, M., Habu, H., and Endo, M. [Diversity of complement activation by lentinan, an antitumor polysaccharide, in gastric cancer patients]. Nippon Geka Gakkai Zasshi 1991;92(1):5-11. View abstract.

Takeshita, K., Watanuki, S., Iida, M., Saito, N., Maruyama, M., Sunagawa, M., Habu, H., and Endo, M. Effect of lentinan on lymphocyte subsets of peripheral blood, lymph nodes, and tumor tissues in patients with gastric cancer. Surg.Today 1993;23(2):125-129. View abstract.

Takeshita, M., Kobori, T., Sudo, E., Miyamoto, Y., and Izuo, M. [Preoperative immunochemotherapy for gastric cancer patients--immunomodulating effect of levamisole and lentinan on cell-mediated immunity and regional lymph node]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1982;9(6):1052-1060. View abstract.

Takita, M., Onda, M., Tokunaga, A., Shirakawa, T., Ikeda, K., Hiramoto, Y., Teramoto, T., Oguri, T., Fujita, I., Okuda, T., Mizutani, T., Kiyama, T., Yoshiyuki, T., and Matsukura, N. [Successful treatment of hepatic metastasis of gastric cancer with 5'-DFUR and Lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1998;25(1):129-133. View abstract.

Tanabe, H., Imai, N., and Takechi, K. [Studies on usefulness of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with lentinan in patients with gastrointestinal cancer]. Nippon Gan Chiryo Gakkai Shi 8-20-1990;25(8):1657-1667. View abstract.

Tani, M., Tanimura, H., Yamaue, H., Iwahashi, M., Tsunoda, T., Tamai, M., Noguchi, K., and Arii, K. In vitro generation of activated natural killer cells and cytotoxic macrophages with lentinan. Eur.J.Clin.Pharmacol. 1992;42(6):623-627. View abstract.

Tani, M., Tanimura, H., Yamaue, H., Tsunoda, T., Iwahashi, M., Noguchi, K., Tamai, M., Hotta, T., and Mizobata, S. Augmentation of lymphokine-activated killer cell activity by lentinan. Anticancer Res. 1993;13(5C):1773-1776. View abstract.

Tarvainen, K., Salonen, J. P., Kanerva, L., Estlander, T., Keskinen, H., and Rantanen, T. Allergy and toxicodermia from shiitake mushrooms. J Am.Acad.Dermatol. 1991;24(1):64-66. View abstract.

Tensho, A., Shimizu, I., Takenawa, T., Kikuchi, H., and Rokujo, T. [Hypocholesterolemic activity of analogous compounds related to eritadenine, an active component of shiitake, Lentinus edodes Sing (author's transl)]. Yakugaku Zasshi 1974;94(6):708-716. View abstract.

Tochikura, T. S., Nakashima, H., Ohashi, Y., and Yamamoto, N. Inhibition (in vitro) of replication and of the cytopathic effect of human immunodeficiency virus by an extract of the culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia. Med.Microbiol.Immunol.(Berl) 1988;177(5):235-244. View abstract.

Van Loon, P. C., Cox, A. L., Wuisman, O. P., Burgers, S. L., and Van Griensven, L. J. Mushroom worker's lung. Detection of antibodies against Shii-take (Lentinus edodes) spore antigens in Shii-take workers. J.Occup.Med. 1992;34(11):1097-1101. View abstract.

Wakui, A., Kasai, M., Konno, K., Abe, R., Kanamaru, R., Takahashi, K., Nakai, Y., Yoshida, Y., Koie, H., Masuda, H., and . [Randomized study of lentinan on patients with advanced gastric and colorectal cancer. Tohoku Lentinan Study Group]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1986;13(4 Pt 1):1050-1059. View abstract.

Wong, G. Y. C., Katdarae, M., Osborne, M. P., and Telang, N. T. Preventative efficacy of Lentinus edodes mycelium extract (LEM) in human mammary carcinogenesis (abstract 321). 19th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, (San Antonio, Texas) 1996;265.

Yajima, Y., Satoh, J., Fukuda, I., Kikuchi, T., and Toyota, T. Quantitative assay of lentinan in human blood with the limulus colorimetric test. Tohoku J.Exp.Med. 1989;157(2):145-151. View abstract.

Yajima, Y., Satoh, J., Kikuchi, T., Fukuda, I., Toyota, T., Saito, H., Okabe, N., and Suzuki, H. [Change of blood lentinan level in patients with advanced cancers]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1989;16(8 Pt 1):2633-2638. View abstract.

Yamada, T., Watanabe, A., Sadou, S., Nishinuma, T., Tsurui, H., Watanabe, T., and Nakano, H. [A case of advanced gastric cancer with hepatic metastasis successfully treated by combined chemotherapy with UFT and lentinan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2000;27(2):281-284. View abstract.

Yamamoto, S., Takatori, K., Ohmoto, K., Ideguchi, S., Yamamoto, R., Ohumi, T., Hino, K., and Hirano, Y. [NK activity and T cell subsets in percutaneous ethanol injection therapy of liver cancer--effect of lentinan with combined use]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1989;16(9):3291-3294. View abstract.

Yamamoto, Y., Shirono, H., Kono, K., and Ohashi, Y. Immunopotentiating activity of the water-soluble lignin rich fraction prepared from LEM--the extract of the solid culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem. 1997;61(11):1909-1912. View abstract.

Yang, P., Liang, M., Zhang, Y., and Shen, B. Clinical application of a combination therapy of lentinan, multi-electrode RFA and TACE in HCC. Adv.Ther 2008;25(8):787-794. View abstract.

Yin, G., Yu, J., and Li, D. [Immune modulatory and therapeutic effect of lentinan on condyloma acuminatum]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 1998;18(11):665-667. View abstract.

Yoshino, S., Oka, M., Hazama, S., and Suzuki, T. [Effect of intrapleural and/or intraperitoneal lentinan therapy in carcinomatous pleuritis and peritonitis]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1990;17(8 Pt 2):1588-1591. View abstract.

Yoshino, S., Oka, M., Hazama, S., and Suzuki, T. [Effect of intrapleural and/or intraperitoneal lentinan therapy on carcinomatous pleuritis and peritonitis with special reference to immunological evaluation]. Nippon Geka Hokan 5-1-1989;58(3):310-319. View abstract.

Yoshino, S., Tabata, T., Hazama, S., Iizuka, N., Yamamoto, K., Hirayama, M., Tangoku, A., and Oka, M. Immunoregulatory effects of the antitumor polysaccharide lentinan on Th1/Th2 balance in patients with digestive cancers. Anticancer Res. 2000;20(6C):4707-4711. View abstract.

Zakany, J., Chihara, G., and Fachet, J. Effect of lentinan on tumor growth in murine allogeneic and syngeneic hosts. Int J Cancer 3-15-1980;25(3):371-376. View abstract.

Zhang, P. and Cheung, P. C. Evaluation of sulfated Lentinus edodes alpha-(1-->3)-D-glucan as a potential antitumor agent. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem. 2002;66(5):1052-1056. View abstract.

Zheng, R., Jie, S., Hanchuan, D., and Moucheng, W. Characterization and immunomodulating activities of polysaccharide from Lentinus edodes. Int Immunopharmacol. 2005;5(5):811-820. View abstract.

Arinaga S, Karimine N, Takamuku K, et al. Enhanced induction of lymphokine-activated killer activity after lentinan administration in patients with gastric carcinoma. Int J Immunopharmac 1992;14:535-539. View abstract.

deVere White RW, Hackman RM, Soares SE, et al. Effects of a mushroom mycelium extract on the treatment of prostate cancer. Urology 2002;60:640-4.. View abstract.

Gordon M, Bihari B, Goosby E, et al. A placebo-controlled trial of the immune modulator, lentinan, in HIV-positive patients: a phase I/II trial. J Med 1998;29:305-30. View abstract.

Gordon M, Guralnik M, Kaneko Y, et al. A phase II controlled study of a combination of the immune modulator, lentinan, with didanosine (ddI) in HIV patients with CD4 cells of 200-500/mm3. J Med 1995;26:193-207. View abstract.

Hanada K, Hashimoto I. Flagellate mushroom (Shiitake) dermatitis and photosensitivity. Dermatol 1998;197:255-7. View abstract.

Hitosugi M, Kitamura O, Takatsu A, Yoshino Y. Autopsy case of duodenal obstruction from impacted mushroom. J Gastroenterol 1998;33:562-5. View abstract.

Kim HS, Kacew S, Lee BM. In vitro chemopreventive effects of plant polysaccharides (Aloe barbadensis miller, Lentinus edodes, Ganoderma lucidum and Coriolus versicolor). Carcinogenesis 1999;20:1637-40. View abstract.

Kosaka A, Kuzuoka M, Yamafuji K, et al. [Synergistic action of lentinan (LNT) with endocrine therapy of breast cancer in rats and humans]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1987;14:516-22. View abstract.

Levy AM, Kita H, Phillips SF, et al. Eosinophilia and gastrointestinal symptoms after ingestion of shiitake mushrooms. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1998;101:613-20. View abstract.

Matsui S, Nakazawa T, Umegae Y, Mori M. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis induced by Shiitake mushroom spores. Intern Med 1992;31:1204-6. View abstract.

Matsuoka H, Seo Y, Wakasugi H, et al. Lentinan potentiates immunity and prolongs the survival time of some patients. Anticancer Res 1997;17:2751-5. View abstract.

Murakami M, Kawabe K, Hosoi Y, et al. Decreased pulmonary perfusion in hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by Shiitake mushroom spores. J Intern Med 1997;241:85-8. View abstract.

Nakamura T. Shiitake (Lentinus edodes) dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 1992;27:65-70. View abstract.

Nishihira T, Akimoto M, Mori S. [Anti-cancer effects of BRMs associated with nutrition in cancer patients]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho,1988;15:1615-20. View abstract.

Otsuka M, Shinozuka K, Hirata G, Kunitomo M. [Influences of a shiitake (Lentinus edodes)-fructo-oligosaccharide mixture (SK-204) on experimental pulmonary thrombosis in rats]. Yakugaku Zasshi 1996;116:169-73. View abstract.

Taguchi T. Clinical efficacy of lentinan on patients with stomach cancer: end point results of a four-year follow-up survey. Cancer Detect Prev Suppl 1987;1:333-49. View abstract.

Tari K, Satake I, Nakagomi K, et al. [Effect of lentinan for advanced prostate carcinoma]. Hinyokika Kiyo 1994;40:119-23. View abstract.

Ueda A, Obama K, Aoyama K, et al. Allergic contact dermatitis in shiitake (Lentinus edodes (Berk) Sing) growers. Contact Dermatitis 1992;26:228-33. View abstract.

Wada T, Nishide T, Hatayama K, et al. [A comparative clinical trial with tegafur plus lentinan treatment at two different doses in advanced cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1987;14:2509-11. View abstract.

Yoshiyuki T, Onda M, Tokunaga A, et al. [Treatment for peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer by intraperitoneal administration of CDDP through Infuse-a-Port]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 1994;21:2323-5. View abstract.

CONTINUE SCROLLING FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors