Cold, Fever and Flu Treatment in Children

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications and home remedies can be used to ease a fever, sore throat, runny nose, or other common cold symptoms.
It is generally safe for low fevers to treat with ibuprofen or acetaminophen as common cold remedies. For more serious fevers, call your doctor.
Besides over-the-counter medication (OTC), a lukewarm sponge bath and light clothing can help bring your child's temperature down.
High fever, fever lasting three days or longer, signs of dehydration, green or yellow mucous after 10 days or discharge from eyes are reasons to call the pediatrician.
Studies show eating nutritious brew of chicken soup can reducing inflammation, improve health and promote hydration.
Having caffeine-free tea or water with honey and lemon, lozenges, and a salt water gargle can help relieve a sore throat and cough.
Children under age 4 should not be given cough medicine or over-the-counter (OTC) cold medication.
Use medications, even multi-symptom medicines as long as they match your child’s symptoms.
Do not give your child two over-the-counter (OTC) medications with the same active ingredients as this could lead to an overdose.
Decongestants shrink nasal passages and relieve pain while expectorants thin mucus making it easier to cough up. Suppressants do little to remove mucus.
Administer over-the-counter (OTC) medications only according to the directions, base the dosage on your child's weight and age, read labels and warnings for side-effects, and always use the included measuring device.
Let your child sleep as much as they need to even if it means missing a dose of medicine.
It is safer to use the cup or spoon that comes with over-the-counter medication.
If your child spits up or vomits their medicine, do not try and give another full dose as some of it may have been absorbed and you risk overdose.
It is never a good idea to give your child OTC treatments designed for adults.
Never call any medication

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Reviewed by Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor on Tuesday, February 07, 2017

Cold, Fever and Flu Treatment in Children: Medications and Home Remedies

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