Eczema Pictures, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Eczema is a general term for many types of skin inflammation (dermatitis), with the most common form being atopic dermatitis.
Eczema can affect people of any age, although the condition is most common in infants.
While not all of the factors that cause eczema are known, abnormal function of the immune system, gene defects, cutaneous irritants, and environmental allergens may lead to outbreaks in some people.
Intense itching is often the first symptom most people experience with eczema.
This illustration shows where eczema outbreaks can occur in children and adults.
There are many types of eczema.
Atopic Dermatitis on a baby’s face.
Photos of patients with contact dermatitis from nickel, hair color (dye), and formaldehyde and tattoo reaction.
Seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis) is a form of skin inflammation of unknown cause.
Nummular eczema (nummular dermatitis) is characterized by coin-shaped patches of irritated skin.
Lichen simplex chronicus, which is occasionally also known by the outdated term, localized neurodermatitis (a misnomer), appears as scaly patches of thickened, leathery skin.
Stasis dermatitis is a skin irritation on the lower legs, generally related to the circulatory problem known as venous insufficiency.
Dyshidrotic eczema (dyshidrotic dermatitis) is an irritation of the skin on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn.
To diagnose eczema, doctors rely on a thorough physical examination of the skin as well as the patient's account of the history of the condition.
Keeping the skin well hydrated through the application of creams or ointments is an important step in treatment.
Antihistamine drugs such as Benadryl and corticosteroids such as prednisone are medications used to treat eczema.
Ultraviolet light therapy may be prescribed to treat eczema.
While there is no cure for eczema, you can take steps to manage your symptoms and lessen the severity of outbreaks.
While eczema is not preventable, the self-care measures provided can help manage symptoms and reduce the severity of outbreaks.

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Reviewed by Norman Levine, MD on Wednesday, May 11, 2016

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

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