Viral Infections: Types, Treatment, and Prevention

Digital illustration of the H1N1 virus.
Illustration of common viral infections and what region of the body they affect.
Employees wearing surgical masks in hopes of avoiding those that are contagious.
Illustrations of the structure and contents of a typical gram-positive bacterial cell and Influenza virus particle structure.
Common transmission of viruses can spread by touch, air, contaminated food, and insects.
Illustration of viral infections such as rhinovirus (nose), influenza (throat) and respiratory virus (lungs).
Collage of viral skin infections such as molluscum contagiosum, herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), and Varicella-zoster.
Washing food and hands helps avoid the spread of foodborne viral infections.
A collage of sexually-transmitted viral infections such as human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B, herpes, human immunodeficiency (HIV) and a condom.
Collage of additional viral infections such as Epstein-Barr (EBV), West Nile virus (WNV) and viral meningitis.
Example treatment options for viral infections include over-the-counter (OTC) cold medicines, vaccines (shingles) and topical ointments.
Viruses that can cause cancer include Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human papilloma virus (HPV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
A doctor and nurse vaccinating an ill child.

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Reviewed by Robert Cox, MD on Friday, July 01, 2016

Viral Infection Types, Treatment, and Prevention

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