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Smallpox (cont.)

What Are Potential Complications of Smallpox?

Survivors of smallpox may experience severe complications, including deeply scarred skin, blindness, arthritis, osteomyelitis (bone infection), and fetal infections during pregnancy resulting in additional severe complications or death of the fetus.

What Is the Prognosis of Smallpox?

Smallpox is one of the most communicable of all infectious diseases. Of those who are unvaccinated, smallpox has a 30% mortality rate.

For More Information on Smallpox

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Smallpox"

MedlinePlus, "Smallpox"

World Health Organization (WHO), "Smallpox"

Smallpox Pictures

Skin lesions (day seven) on an unvaccinated infant. Reprinted with permission from Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al: Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1988: 10-14, 35-36. Photographs by Arita.
Skin lesions (day seven) on an unvaccinated infant. Reprinted with permission from Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al: Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1988: 10-14, 35-36. Photographs by Arita.

Ordinary form of variola minor smallpox in an unvaccinated woman 12 days after onset of skin lesions. Reprinted with permission from Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al: Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1988: 10-14, 35-36. Photographs by Arita.
Ordinary form of variola minor smallpox in an unvaccinated woman 12 days after onset of skin lesions. Reprinted with permission from Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al: Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1988: 10-14, 35-36. Photographs by Arita.

Adult with smallpox (variola major) with hundreds of pustular lesions distributed with more on arms and face than on trunk. Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center slide file.
Adult with smallpox (variola major) with hundreds of pustular lesions distributed with more on arms and face than on trunk. Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center slide file.

Hemorrhagic-type variola major lesions. Death usually happens before typical pustules developed Reprinted with permission from Herrlich A, Mayr A, Munz E, et al: Die pocken; Erreger, Epidemiologic und klinisches Bild. 2nd ed. Stuttgart, Germany: Thieme; 1967. In: Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al: Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1988: 10-14, 35-36.
Hemorrhagic-type variola major lesions. Death usually happens before typical pustules developed Reprinted with permission from Herrlich A, Mayr A, Munz E, et al: Die pocken; Erreger, Epidemiologic und klinisches Bild. 2nd ed. Stuttgart, Germany: Thieme; 1967. In: Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, et al: Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1988: 10-14, 35-36.

REFERENCES:

Hussain, Aneela Naureen. "Smallpox Treatment & Management." Nov. 17, 2015. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/237229-treatment>.

"Smallpox Vaccination Program." Military Vaccine (MILVAX) Agency. <http://www.smallpox.army.mil/resource/qaAll.asp?cID=364>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Emergency Preparedness and Response: Smallpox." <https://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Smallpox." <http://www.cdc.gov/smallpox/>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/24/2016

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Smallpox »

Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by the variola virus (Poxvirus variolae), a member of the Poxviridae family of the genus Orthopoxvirus.

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