Spina Bifida: Spina bifida is a birth defect characterized by a split of the spinal column, sometimes causing serious neurological problems, such as spina bifida cystica (myelomeningocele). The most common form, spina bifida occulta, doesn't usually cause symptoms and is usually only found during an X-ray or MRI for another problem. A variety of monitoring, therapies, and surgeries are used to treat spina bifida. Adequate folic acid taken by the mother during pregnancy is a know way to try to prevent the disorder.
Tetralogy of Fallot Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect that is the most common among newborns who have heart defects. Abnormalities in all four chambers of the heart ultimately lead to a failure to fully oxygenate the blood. In sever cases, the baby may turn blue, but other cases may present more subtle symptoms including slow growth, shortness of breath and easy tiring.
Spina Bifida Topic Guide - Visuals
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