Spina Bifida: Spina bifida is a birth defect characterized by a split of the spinal column, sometimes causing serious neurological problems, such as spina bifida cystica (myelomeningocele). The most common form, spina bifida occulta, doesn't usually cause symptoms and is usually only found during an X-ray or MRI for another problem. A variety of monitoring, therapies, and surgeries are used to treat spina bifida. Adequate folic acid taken by the mother during pregnancy is a know way to try to prevent the disorder.
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Normal pressure hydrocephalus is a brain disorder that develops in older adults. Hydrocephalus happens when the drainage of the cerebro-spinal fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord is blocked. The fluid builds up in the hollow ventricals inside the brain, and the excess pressure can cause dementia, and physical symptoms similar to Parkinson disease. Treatment includes implanting a shunt with a valve that drains the excess fluid when the pressure reaches a certain point.
Spina Bifida Topic Guide - Visuals
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