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Bone SpursA bone spur is an outgrowth of bone that occurs along the edges of a bone, commonly the neck (cervical spine), low back (lumbar spine), shoulder, knee, foot, and heel bones. The cause is usually continued stress or rubbing of a bone for a prolonged period of time. Symptoms include pain or loss of joint motion. Treatment depends on symptoms and can include medication, physical therapy, or surgery.
Chronic PainChronic pain is pain that persists for a period of six months or longer, and is the result of a long-standing medical condition(s) or damage to the body. Common sources of chronic pain include headaches, back pain, and arthritis. There are several types of pain including general somatic pain, visceral pain, bone pain, muscle cramps, neuropathy, circulatory problems, and headache pain. Chronic pain may be managed with over-the-counter or prescription medications.
CT ScanWhat is a CT scan? Computerized tomography scans (CT scans) are important diagnostic tools for a variety of medical conditions. Some areas of the body frequently evaluated by CT scans include the brain, neck, spine, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and sinuses. The CT scan process uses X-rays and a computer to produce cross-sectional images of the body.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a scanner that takes cross-sectional images of the body. It is used to evaluate tissues of the head, neck, chest, limbs, abdomen, and pelvis. MRI is a very safe procedure; sedation may be used for infants, small children, or adults who are claustrophobic.
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis is not a single disease but a culmination of problems that leads to skeletal joint failure. Symptoms include aching, stiffness, and bone enlargement. Diet, exercise, pain medication, and sometimes surgery treat osteoarthritis.
SciaticaSciatica is lower back pain with pain that radiates through the buttocks and down one leg. Common causes include herniated disc, spinal stenosis, piriformis syndrome, pregnancy and a pinched nerve. Treatment involves applying a cold pack and taking pain medications.
Slipped DiskAn abnormal, injured, or degenerated vertebral disc that has protruded against nerve fibers is called a slipped, prolapsed, ruptured, or herniated disc. A slipped disc may cause symptoms such as pain down the back of the leg (sciatica), numbness or weakness. Treatment may include applying hot or cold packs, limiting activity, taking pain relievers, stretching, performing strengthening exercises, physical therapy, massage, or surgery.
Understanding X-xaysX-Rays are a form of radiation used to image solid forms inside the body. X-rays are administered by radiologists for many different routine tests, such as mammograms, checking for broken bones, upper GI series, and dental exams, among others. Radiologists carefully monitor the X-ray equipment to make sure the patient receives the smallest dose of radiation possible.
Chronic pain is pain that persists for a period of six months or longer, and is the result of a long-standing medical condition(s) or damage to the body. Common sources of chronic pain include
There are several types of pain including
- general somatic pain,
- visceral pain,
- bone pain,
- muscle cramps,
- circulatory problems, and
- headache pain.
Chronic pain may be managed with over-the-counter or prescription medications.
Spondylosis Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Duloxetine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor antidepressant (SSNRI).learn more »
Tizanidine is a short-acting muscle relaxer. It works by blocking nerve impulses (pain sensations) that are sent to your brain...learn more »
Tramadol is an pain medicine similar to an opioid (sometimes called, a narcotic).learn more »
Cyclobenzaprine is a muscle relaxant. It works by blocking nerve impulses (or pain sensations) that are sent to your brain...learn more »
Cortisone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »
This medication guide provides information about the use of doxepin (Sinequan or other generic names) to treat depression or anxiety. Silenor ...learn more »
Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and a fever reducer. There are many brands and forms of acetaminophen available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet...learn more »