What Is the Difference Between Sprains and Strains? Topic Guide

Sprains and Strains Sprains and Strains: An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, while an injury to a muscle or tendon is called a strain. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, bruising, and decreased range of motion. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the injury is the standard treatment for sprains and strains.

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