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ChickenpoxChickenpox (varicella) is a highly contagious infection that typically affects children. Symptoms and signs include an itchy red blistering rash that forms first on the torso and then spreads to the extremities. Treatment may incorporate Tylenol or Advil for fever, IV fluids for dehydration, antibiotics for bacterial skin infections, calamine lotion, cool compresses and baths, and Benadryl, Claritin, or Zyrtec for itch relief.
EpiglottitisEpiglottitis a medical emergency and death may result if not treated promptly. Causes of epiglottitis include infectious, traumatic, and chemical agents. Symptoms of epiglottitis include: trouble breathing, drooling, taking rapid forward breaths, leaning forward to breathe, trouble speaking, and a high pitched whistling sound when taking a breath. If a person has epiglottits he or she should seek medical care emergently.
Life-Threatening Skin RashesRashes are very common conditions and can have many causes. Most rashes are not dangerous but rather are merely nuisance illnesses. Life-threatening skin rashes are rare. Five potentially life-threatening disorders that have skin rash as the primary symptom are pemphigus vulgaris (PV), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), toxic shock syndrome (TSS), and staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS).
MRSA InfectionMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an infection that shows resistance to many antibiotics. Symptoms and signs include pus production and itching in the affected area. The majority of serious MRSA infections are treated with a combination of two or more intravenous antibiotics.
Swimmer's EarSwimmer's ear (also called otitis externa) is caused by a break in the skin lining the ear canal and outer ear, allowing bacteria or fungi infect the ear. Excessive moisture in the ear, ear plugs, headphones, hearing aids, and chemical hair dyes, bleaches, or shampoos may also cause swimmer's ear. The most common symptoms of swimmer's ear is pain. Treatment depends on the extensiveness of the infection.
Toxic Shock SyndromeToxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare, life-threatening illness that is caused by toxins (poisons) that circulate in the bloodstream. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, sore throat, cough, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Treatment involves finding and removing the source of infection, IV antibiotics, IV fluids, correcting electrolytes, and monitoring kidney and liver functions.
Expert Views and News
- FDA Clears Faster Diagnostic Test for MRSA
- Drug-Resistant Infections More Likely With Devices
- Threat of Antibiotic Resistance in US
- Superbugs Threaten Hospital Patients
- Obama Unveils Plan to Tackle Antibiotic Resistance
- FDA Approves Dalvance to Treat Skin Infections
- Test Identifies 193 Different Yeasts and Bacteria
- Superbug Control Is Lagging
- Doorknobs May Be 'Reservoirs' for MRSA
Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Infection) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Cefdinir is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic that is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria...learn more »
Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that is used to treat many different types of infection caused by bacteria, such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia...learn more »
Cefoxitin is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body...learn more »
Cefadroxil is in a group of drugs called cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotics. It works by fighting bacteria in your body...learn more »
Cefprozil is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body...learn more »