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Symptoms and Signs of Managing Symptoms of MS with Diet, Exercise, Drugs, and Alternative Therapies

Doctor's Notes on Managing Symptoms of MS with Diet, Exercise, Drugs, and Alternative Therapies

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated inflammatory process that affects the body's central nervous system (CNS), which is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. Nerves are surrounded by a myelin sheath that insulates and protects them from damage, and that also allows nerve signals get from the brain or spinal cord to the a body part. In MS, the body's immune system attacks the myelin sheath, causing messages within the CNS to be altered or stopped completely. 

Symptoms of MS, and even the drugs used to treat the disease can impact a patient's mobility, energy level, eating habits, and feelings, and can affect a persons' overall well-being. Symptoms of MS include decreased muscle strength, fatigue, visual changes, decreased energy levels and endurance, decreased bladder and bowel control, depression, loss of bone mass, pain, numbness or tingling, anxiety, facial pain, spinning sensation (vertigo), hearing loss, painful muscle spasms, weakness in one or more of the arms or legs, electrical-type pain sensations, constipation, and urinary retention.

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/21/2019


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.